Egyptian God of the Underworld
"King of the Dead"
Osiris once possessed human form and lived upon earth. It was Osiris who permitted the dead to come back to life. In order to enter the underworld, also referred to as the Land of Duat, the dead had to travel to the hall of judgment. This is where their heart was balanced against the Feather of Ma'at. The Egyptian people had to convince Osiris to admit them to the underworld. Osiris was not only ruler of the dead, he also had power that granted life from the underworld. He controlled vegetation, and the flooding of the Nile River.
Osiris & Horus: Father & Son
By 2400 BCE Osiris was both a god of fertility and the embodiment of the dead. He resembled aspects of both life and death. Osiris became the king at death. Horus was deemed as the living king. Horus was the god of the sky. Osiris and Horus were father and son.
Distinguished by: green skin, symbol of rebirth and regeneration, white clothing, and a tall white headdress called the Atef crown. He had the divine beard. Osiris was associated with Egyptian Pharaohs. He carried a flail and crook, these were symbolic of power and kingship.
Legend Of Osiris
Osiris was killed by his brother Set. He lured Osiris into a fancy coffin and sealed it shut. He then pushed it down the Nile River. Their sister Isis discovered Osiris' body on the Phoenician coastline. Set chopped up Osiris and scattered pieces of his body throughout Egypt. Isis, Anubis, and Nephthys found the pieces. Anubis wrapped Osiris in linen, and this was the first ever mummification. Osiris' son Horus later fought Set and avenged his father's death. Horus became the new king of Egypt.