Biotechnology Project

By Katie Ellis

What is the role of DNA in biotechnology?

The definition of biotechnology is, "an industrial process that uses the scientific research on DNA for practical benefits." This obviously means that biotechnology revolves around DNA.

How is biotechnology used in DNA testing?

Biotechnology is a synonym for genetic engineering and a gene is a part of the genetic code. For example, biotechnology can be used to test DNA at a crime scene to identify a suspect or victim.

How is biotechnology used in the health industry in making medicines like penicillin and insulin?

Biotechnology is used to treat and prevent everyday and chronic illnesses such as heart attacks, stroke, breast cancer, leukemia, hepatitis, diabetes, and many others. Biotechnology is not always purposely performed, as some antibiotics ,like penicillin, are produced naturally by micro-organisms.

How is biotechnology used in agriculture?

Biotechnology can be used in agriculture in many ways. For example, it can offer built-in protection against insect damage, which results in a decrease of pesticide spraying. Also, it produces foods containing fewer toxins such as mycotoxins, a toxic fungus that infects plants damaged by pests.

How is biotechnology used in environmental clean-up?

Biotechnology is used in environmental clean-up in the form of microbes which break down many chemicals in the environment. Another use is bioremediation which is when microbes are used to clean up oil or chemical spills, such as gasoline leaking from an underground tank. A final experimental technique is biopulping, which uses selected fungi to soften wood chips in the process of making paper. This is intended with the goal of using less energy and fewer chemicals.

What are the potential negative impacts of biotechnology?

Biotechnology poses as a threat to biodiversity and it certainly challenges many human morals/values and beliefs.

Summary of Job

Epidemiologists

"Epi" means on, "demo" means people, and "ology" means science of ___. This means that epidemiology is the science of (germs) on people. A day in life of an epidemiologist would include compiling data to try and understand the causes of diseases, improving public health issues, and preventing future problems. An important quality to have in this job would be being highly observant due to a constant demand for you having to analyze data and plan studies in order to find new statistics about diseases, and then report those findings to others in the medical and public health field.

North Carolina's National Rank in Biotechnology

North Carolina's rank in biotechnology is among the five largest biotechnology industry centers in North America.