Located on top of the brainstem. The thalamus directs messages to the sensory receiving areas in the cortex and transmits replies to the cerebellum and medulla. Similar to a hub in which traffic passes going to different destinations.
The Limbic System
Processes conscious memories.
Linked to emotion.
Below the thalamus. Directs eating, drinking, sexual behavior, and body temperature.
Located just behind the forehead. Involved in making plans and judgements as well as speaking and muscle movements.
Located at the top of the head and toward the rear. It receives sensory input for touch and body position.
Located at the back of the head. Includes areas that receive information from the visual fields.
Located roughly above the ears. Includes the auditory areas that receive information primarily from the opposite ear.
Located at the rear of the frontal lobes. Controls voluntary movements.
Located at the front of the parietal lobes. Registers and processes body touch and movement sensations.
Areas of the cerebral cortex that aren't involved in primary motor or sensory functions. They are involved in higher mental functions such as learning, speaking, remembering, and thinking.