Gastric Ulcers

Group 2: Gianska, Calixto, Nathaniel, Alondra

What are Gastric Ulcers?

  • A type of peptic ulcer
  • Localized area of erosion in the stomach wall

Signs and Symptoms

  • Abdominal pain
  • Possible bleeding
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Fatigue

* Sometimes there are no symptoms *

Cause of the Disease

  • Gastric acid
  • Digestive enzymes
  • Other factors that may include bacterial infection

Diagnosis (methods of)

  • Endoscopic Biopsy
  • Endoscopy
  • Barium X-Ray

Treatment (methods of)

Non-surgical

  • H2 blockers: prevents stomach from making too much acid
  • Proton pump inhibitors: blocks cells that produce acid
  • Over-the-counter antacids: help neutralize stomach acids
  • Cytoprotective agents: protects lining of stomach and small intestine (ex. Pepto-Bismol)

Surgical

  • Removal of the entire ulcer
  • Taking tissue from another part of the intestines and sewing it over the ulcer site
  • Tying off a bleeding artery
  • Cutting nerve supply to stomach to reduce production of stomach acids

Prognosis

  • Internal bleeding
  • Perforation
  • Gastric outlet obstruction

APA Citations