Temperate Deciduous Forest

Karla Chavez

Locations of The Temperate Deciduous Forests

The temperate deciduous forest is located in the eastern parts of the United States and Canada. As well as most of Europe and the eastern side of Asia. Other parts of the world include the southern part of Southern of South America and the east coast of Australia.

Abiotic Factors of Temperate Deciduous Forests

  • Temperature -30°C to 30°C (yearly average is 10°C)
  • Weather varies from season to season: hot summers, cold winters.
  • Seasons: this biome has the four the seasons (summer to fall to winter to spring). The season depends on the location of the temperate deciduous forest.
  • Rainfall: 30-60 inches
  • This biome contains wonderful fertile soil for plants and other natural life to nurish.

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Temperate Deciduous Forest

Plants of Temperate Deciduous Forests

This biome has great variety of plants species. It is easy for plant life to blossom in a temperate deciduous forest. Especially in the spring and summer seasons. Plants and trees such as the wildflower, maple oak, birch, moss, ferns along with others grow well in the spring and summer climate. During the season of fall, for example, with limited water and limited sunlight trees cut off water supply to leaves. Leaving the leaves without water and limited sunlight, leaves stop producing chlorophyll making the leaves change color into yellow and red colors.

More Information on the Plants of Temperate Deciduous Forests

Maple Oak Tree

During the warm seasons, summer and spring, the maple oak tree grow out its leaves. During the drop of temperatures, the tree cuts off water supply to the leaves making the leaves change color and eventually fall.


Wildflowers are one of the many variety of plants that can be found on the grounds of a temperate deciduous forest. During the drop of temperature, in the fall and winter, wildflowers stop all reaction that requires water, which causes them to stop growing. During the fall and winter, they store food to last them until the spring. In the spring wildflowers bloom.


Violets can also be found on the grounds of a temperate deciduous forest. Although violets usually bloom during the spring and in the summer, during the winter this plant cuts off water supply which causes them to stop blooming or growing. During this time violets store up food for to last them the harsh season, and will bloom in the spring.

Northern Arrowwood

Northern Arrowwood bloom in the spring season. They adapt to sunny and shaded areas, and drives in wetlands and most soils.


During the fall and winter, the fern dies or stops growing. Starting in the spring season, the fern will bloom. Fern produces food for other organisms in the area too.

Animals of Temperate Deciduous Forest

Animal Life

Animals in this biome have to be able to adapt to different climates in order to survive. In order to do this, some animals have to hunt, while other simply eat plants from their surroundings.

American Black Bear

Winters in temperate decidous forest are harsh with limited food sources and freezing temperate. The american black bear during this time, in order to adapt, tends to hibernate. Before hibernation, the black bear eats a termendous amount of food, and the black bear will also grow a thick fur coat to keep he warm during this harsh season. Once the winter is over, the black bear will emerge out of hibernation to the spring weather and plentiful amounts of food sources.

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In order for the squirrel to adapt to the changing climate, especially in the winter, it must store up its food. This animals must work hard to transport its food, so this way they won't struggle to find food when its' scacred.


The deer along with the american black bear eat grass and shrubs, but unlike the black bear this animal does not hibernate rather is active during the winter season. In order to keep warm deer grow soft fur.

Red Fox

The red fox is an amazing and solitary animal. The red fox successfully adapts to the climate due to its flexible feeding strategy. It may hunt and then bury its' food in dirt or snow to keep storage for later. In the winter season, this animal may grow a more thick fur coat to keep warm.

Northern Cardinal

Unlike other birds, the northern cardinal does not migrate during the cold harsh winter season. During this climate, the northern cardinal adapts by growing more feathers to keep warm. This animal eats fruits and plants along with small insects because they also feed on ground insects this makes feeding much simpler during the cold season.

Food Web

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Competition Relationships

Interspecific Competition

Interspecific specific competition is when two organisms of different species compete with each other for the same resource. For example, a fox and a copperhead will compete for the same resource, which is food. The red fox and the copperhead both eat mice or birds. So when they are in the same environment each one has to compete against each other in order to get food.

Intraspecific Competition

Intraspecific competition is when two organisms of the same species compete for the same resource. When two copperheads compete for mice or other forms of food that is called intraspecific competition.

Predator/Prey Relationships

Wolf and Deer

A predator is an organism who captures and feeds on its' prey. In this case a deer gets eaten by a wolf. Both organisms benefit from this. The deer have to get smarter in order to be eaten, and the wolf has to also get smarter in order to eat and captures its' prey.

Owl and Mice

In this relationship the owl is the predator and feeds on the mice, the prey. The mice must figure out another way to handle to not get eaten by the owl, and the owl must figure out a way to capture the mice in order to eat.

Coyotes and Squirrels

Coyotes are carnivores and often feed on any mammal. The coyote is the predator while the squirrel is the prey. In order for the coyote to feed on the squirrel it must figure out a new way to capture its prey. The same goes for the squirrel, if it doesn't want to get eaten by the coyote it must figure out a way not to get eaten.

Black Bears and Rabbits

Black bears eat many animals, among those are rabbits. The black bear would be consider the predator, and the rabbit would be considered the prey. In order for the black bear to feed on the rabbit it has to figure out new plans on how to capture his prey, in this case, the rabbit. While the rabbit must figure out new plans in order not to be eaten.

Ecological Concerns

Threats to Temperate Deciduous Forests

  • A large number of population lives here.
  • Deforestion is rapidly decreasing temperate deciduous forest globally.

Endargered Species

  1. The american black bear is a wonder creature that lives in the northeast of the United States. This bear is number 47 in the list of endangered species due to the fact that it is rapidly loosing its habitat.
  2. The red fox is located in the northeast of the United States and in the southeast of Canada. For last few years this animal has been on the verge of extinction due to overhunting and lost of its' habitat in the temperate deciduous forest.

Global Importance

Temperate deciduous forests contains good fertile soil and during certain seasons has great weather for plants and trees to nurish in this enviroment. Unfortunatly, deforestation has decreased the number of trees in this biome. Trees are vital to humans. Trees provided oxygen, which without we would crease to exist.

Additional Information

Fun Fact!

The largest temperate deciduous forest in the world covers parts of Scandinavia and northern Russia. It has over 3.5 million square miles of land covered in trees.