Jackie Robinson

How One Player Changed the World Forever

“There's not an American in this country free until every one of us is free,” Jackie Robinson said. If it wasn't for Jackie Robinson, African Americans might have been segregated in baseball for years and years. Jackie Robinson wanted everyone to be equal and he did that by proving his point in baseball.

Early Life

Jackie Robinson was born in Cairo, Georgia on January 31, 1919. One day, his father left the family during 1920. They had to move to a poorer area and Jackie Robinson’s mother acquired many odd jobs to support the family. Because of this, Robinson never got many recreational opportunities. He enrolled in John Muir High School in 1935. Because his brothers won silver in the 1936 Summer Olympics, they wanted Robinson to have an interest in sports. Jackie Robinson won junior singles championship in the Pacific Coast Negro Tennis Tournament in 1936.

Jackie Robinson - Mini Bio
Later in life, Robinson went to Pasadena Junior College. He played football, baseball, basketball, and track. He also broke the school board jump record set by his brother. In 1938, he was elected Most Valuable Player for baseball with the All-Southland Junior College Team. When a black friend was put in detention, Robinson protested and he was arrested. After graduating PJC, Robinson switched to UCLA. On the UCLA football team, he was one of four black players. He won the 1940 Men’s Outdoor Track and Field Championship in the Long Jump. He jumped 24 ft., 10 ¼ in. In 1941, he left college just before graduation. Robinson was drafted for the army in 1942, but that ended a few years later after an incident. In 1944, Robinson boarded an Army bus that was unsegregated. Unfortunately, the bus driver didn't know this and ordered him to the back of the bus. The bus driver decided to let it go, but notified the military police and he was taken into custody. After he was discharged, Robinson started his Baseball career.

Adult Life

In 1945, Robinson was given an offer to play professional baseball in the Negro leagues. He went there, but later was given an offer from the Dodgers to join their team. By joining the Dodgers, Robinson had to not fight back even if he was bullied very badly. In 1946, Jackie Robinson married Rachel Robinson and had three kids: Jackie Robinson Jr., Sharon, and David. He was called to come to the Dodgers six days before the start of the season in 1947 in the position First Baseman. This was just the beginning of Jackie Robinson’s impact on the world.


When Jackie Robinson joined the Dodgers in 1947, this was known as breaking the color barrier. The color barrier meant that before this, black people were segregated in baseball. For Robinson to “break” the color barrier was a big deal and it led the way in less segregation. While playing, Jackie Robinson was thrown many hurtful comments. He stood up and didn’t back down, which helped to show that he wasn’t going to care what they said. Later, he played in six world series of which the Dodgers won in 1955. He won the National League Most Valuable Player award in 1949, being the first black player to win this accomplishment. In 1962, Robinson became eligible for the Baseball Hall of Fame. He was elected on the first ballot becoming the first black baseball player to get into the museum. This showed that anyone could be great, even black people.


Jackie Robinson died in Stamford, Connecticut on October 24, 1972, only fifty-three years old. Heart disease and diabetes had a big impact on this. Jackie Robinson once said, “I'm not concerned with your liking or disliking me... All I ask is that you respect me as a human being.” He wanted people to stop bullying him, and that everyone is the same, no matter their skin color.