Civil War Battles

Fort Sumter

Fort Sumter: It is a 3rd system masonry sea fort located in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. The fort is best known as the site upon which the shots that started the American Civil War. They fired, at the Battle of Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861. On December 26, fearing for the safety of his men, Anderson moved his command to Fort Sumter and imposing in the middle of the harbor.

Antietam

On September 17, 1862, Generals Robert E. Lee and George McClellan faced off near Antietam creek in Sharpsburg, Maryland. In the the first battle of the American Civil War to be fought on northern soil. Though McClellan failed to toutlilize his numerical superiority to crush Lee sarmy, he was able to check the Confederate advance into the north. After the union defeats, this victory Abraham Lincoln the political cover he needed to issue his Emancipation Proclamation. Though the result of the battle was inconclusive, it remains the bloodiest single day in American history, with more than 22,000 casualties.

Vicksburg

The Siege of Vicksburg was the final major military action in the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War. From the spring of 1862 until July 1863, during the American Civil War 1861-1865, Union forces waged a campaign to take the Confederate stronghold of Vicksburg, Mississippi, which lay on the east bank of the Mississippi River, halfway between Memphisto the north land, New Orleansto the south.The capture of Vicksburg divided the Confederacy and proved the military genius.

Gettysburg

The Battle of Gettysburg was fought July 1–3, 1863, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, by Union and Confederate forces during the American Civil War. In November 1863, President Abraham Lincoln delivered his most famous speech at the dedication of the National Cemetery at Gettysburg. The Union cause into a struggle for liberty and equality in only 272 words.

Sherman's March to the Sea (starts with the Battle of Atlanta)

From November 15 until December 21, 1864, Union General William T. Sherman led some 60,000 soldiers on a 285-mile march from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia. The purpose of this “March to the Sea” was to frighten Georgia’s civilian population into abandoning the Confederate cause. Sherman’s soldiers did not destroy any of the towns in their path, but they stole food and livestock and burned the houses and barns of people who tried to fight back.

Fort Fisher

The First Battle of Fort Fisher began on December 24, 1864 and ended with a Union retreat which was completed on December 27, 1864. The battle included a fierce naval artillery bombardment from the Union fleet, but resulted in little damage to the defenses and little loss of life to the Confederate defenders. The Union attempted a land assault, but conflicting information and disagreements among the commanders resulted in the cancelation of the assault and the retreat of the Union.

Appomattox Court House

On April 9, 1865, Confederate General Robert E. Lee (1807-1870) surrendered his approximately 28,000 troops to Union General Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885) in the front parlor of Wilmer McLean’s home in Appomattox Court House, Virginia, effectively ending the American Civil War (1861-1865). Days earlier, Lee had abandoned the Confederate capital of Richmond and city of Petersburg, hoping to escape with the remnants of his Army of North Virginia, meet up with additional Confederate forces in North Carolina and resume fighting. When Union forces cut off his final retreat, Lee was forced to surrender, finally ending four years of bloody sectional conflict.

The battle of Appomattox Court House

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