by: Angie Moss

Basic Information About Iron

  • Chemical Symbol is Fe
  • Iron is element number 26, in group 8, period 4
  • ductile and malleable
  • silvery-white or grayish color
  • 1 of 3 naturally occuring magnetic metals
  • has high tensile strength (able to be stretched without breaking)

The Discovery & Information

  • Scientists believe Egyptians probably found iron in meteorites
  • 1200 b.c. was called the iron age because that's when humans first started to learn how to use iron metal
  • iron is the most widely used metal
  • iron is also the most important metal, but the least expensive
  • the mass of iron is 55.845 ± 0.002 u.
  • the boiling point for iron is 3000 degrees celcius or 5400 degrees farenheit
  • the melting point is 1536 degrees celcius or 2797 degrees farenheit

Uses For Iron

  • to construct houses
  • to make jewelry
  • to make tools
  • to cleave rocks

Facts About Iron

  • Iron is the 4th most abundant element in the Earth's crust
  • iron occurs in hemoglobin, a molecule that carries oxygen in the blood
  • iron is a transition metal
  • the sun and many stars have sufficient amounts of iron
  • Indians had already mastered the art of extracting and processing the metal, the proof of which is the famous Iron Pillar in Delhi. The iron used in this structure has neither corroded nor has been affected by rust for the last 1600 years.

The picture above is the phase of iron.