Cholera, The Blue Death

By: Makayla Mergenthaler

The Causes of Cholera

Cholera is a disease caused by a bacteria called Cholerea. The bacteria is transferred to humans through unsanitary water. Natural disasters such as, earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, etc. can cause people to live in confined, unsanitary places. When many people are in close contact, the disease can spread very quickly. Usually Cholera is only an issue if the place you are staying is unsanitary and very tight.

Symptoms

The symptoms of Cholera are, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, dehydration, shock, muscle cramps, bluish pale skin, and death. Symptoms typically appear in 2-3 days after you are affected by the bacteria. Symptoms get worse and worse as the disease progresses. If a person with cholera goes untreated, they often die from the disease.

Organs Affected

Cholera is an intestinal infection. Some of the bacteria is killed by the stomach acid but some can still affect the small intestine. When the bacteria affects the small intestine, this causes the body to loose large amounts of water and salt, which causes the diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and dehydration.

Avoiding Cholera

When you are in a foreign country or someplace that has unsanitary water, watch what you eat and drink.Practice good hygiene, drinking purified water and eating safely prepared food. Use one of the following to clean your water, boil your water, bleach your water, buy bottled water, or use good filtering products.

The Zimbabwe Cholera Outbreak!

The outbreak in Zimbabwe begun in the month of August, 200. The disease spread very quickly throughout the country. So, quickly that in about three months 95% of the countries districts were affected. By the end of the outbreak, there had been 96,000 cases and 4,200 deaths. Most of the hospital had been closed because, of the lack of supplies to treat Cholera. Zimbabwe was very unsanitary especially the water. Soon water samples were collected and The Cholerea bacteria was identified.

The Haiti Cholera Outbreak!

The outbreak in Haiti begun in the month of March, 2014 after hurricane Sandy struck. There were 470,000 cases and 6,631 deaths. More than 6% of Haitian's were affected by the disease. Soon the hospitals were filled with people affected by Cholera and most couldn't take any more in. The Cholera in Haiti still going on today but, not as deathly.

Life Straw

13 billion people die each year form water born illnesses and Life Straw hopes to stop that. Life Straw is a portable filter to suck the water from a lake or an unsanitary water source and make it clean and fresh. it uses a carbon filter and membrane filter and it comes out clean and fresh. Life straw has Made a goal that by the end of 2015, 50% of the people in the world have clean and fresh water.

Similar Diseases

Similar diseases to Cholera are:

E. Coli

Campylobacteriosis

Cryptosporidiosis

Giardiasis

H.U.S.

Norovirus

etc.

Treatment

There are many ways to treat Cholera. But, these are the most common, Rehydration therapy, when a person drinks water mixed with sugar and salt, while continuing to eat. This is used for improving your energy levels and nutrition in your body. Another way, is Antibiotic Treatment. Antibiotic treatment, reduces fluid requirements and the continuing of illness it is used for severe cases of cholera. The last most common treatment is Zinc Treatment. Zinc Treatment is for ages 3-14. Zinc is another way to restore the right nutrition in your body and stop diarrhea.

Locations

Cholera is most commonly found in:

Asia

Africa

Latin America

India

the Middle East


Bibliography

Works Cited

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Choelra.

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"Cholera." KidsHealth - the Web's Most Visited Site about Children's Health. Ed. Larissa Hirsch. The Nemours Foundation, 01 Aug. 2011. Web. 03 Dec. 2014.

"Cholera." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic. Web. 30 Nov. 2014.

"Natural Killer: Dirty Water Is a Child Killer We Can Stop - Girls Just Wanna Have Guns." Girls Just Wanna Have Guns. 12 May 2014. Web. 19 Dec. 2014.