By Jack Kimball
- Giant wings
- Made of cloth
- Strapped on to people's arms
Although, it wasn't until the invention of motorized engines that airplanes could actually take flight.
Orville and Wilbur Wright were two brothers from Dayton Ohio who loved planes. On December 17, 1903 Orville Wright made the first airplane fight that lasted for 12 seconds and flew 36 meters and 120 ft.
The " Wright Flyer" had two propellers and was a biplane.
Biplane: a plane with two sets of wings
Biplanes and other multi-winged craft were favored during the early days of airplane design.
Cantilever wings: wings that are supported at only one end (the end attached to the plane)
Monoplane: A plane with a single set of wings
By the 1930's, the monoplane was the most popular airplane design.
The invention of the jet engine allowed planes to fly much faster! The first jet engine was made by British pilot and engineer, Frank Whittle. German designer Hans Von Ohain used Whittle's idea to design a jet engine, leading to the invention of the planes we have today!
"the Wright Flyer"
what Wilbur and Orville Wright's plane looked like.
A modern-day plane.
Da Vinci plane
An early plane design by Leonardo Da Vinci.