Baby and You

By Reagan Martin

Pregnancy and Weight Gain

  • A women who was at a healthy weight before pregnancy should gain about 25-35 lbs.
  • A women who was underweight before pregnancy should gain about 28-40 lbs.
  • A women who was overweight before pregnancy should gain about 15-25 lbs.

MyPlate Recommendations Throughout the Semester

  • Choose foods from each food group that have all of the minerals you need while pregnant.
  • Avoid empty calories.
  • Look for choices that are low-fat, fat-free, unsweetened, or with no added-sugars.
  • You only need 300 extra calories while pregnant.

Foods to Avoid and Why

  • Un-pasteurized juices: They can contain bacteria.
  • Undercooked meat: Leading cause of toxoplasmosis.
  • Certain types of fish: May contain high levels of methyl mercury.
  • Soft cheeses and deli meats: have a high risk of Listeria monocytogenes.
  • Excessive caffeine: low birth weight, miscarriage and preterm labor.

Critical Vitamins & Minerals

  1. Vitamin A & Beta Carotene
  2. Vitamins E, D, and C
  3. Thiamin/B1
  4. Riboflavin/B2
  5. Niacin/B3
  6. Pyridoxine/B6
  7. Folic Acid/Folate
  8. Calcium, Iron, Protein, and Zinc

Breastfeeding and Dietary Needs

  1. You need more fluids.
  2. Limit sugary drinks such as soda.
  3. Use caution when drinking caffeine or alcohol. It goes to your baby, too.
  4. You can drink coffee if you want, but only 2-3 cups a day.

Newborn Diet

  • Colostrum is what first comes out of a women's breast when she is feeding her baby. It is very nutrient-dense and is the best thing for a newborn.
  • Breastfeeding is the way to go if at all possible. It provides all of the nutrients a newborn needs to grow and develop.
  • Vitamin D supplements are good.

First Year of Life Diet

  • 1 mo: 2-4 oz. 6-8 times a day.
  • 2 mo: 5-6 oz. 5-6 times a day.
  • 3 mo: 6-7 oz. 5-6 times a day.
  • 4-6 mo: 28-32 oz. 1-6 times a day with breastfeeding or formula, and 3 to 5 tbs. single grain iron fortified cereal mixed with formula.
  • 7 mo: 30-32 oz. 3-5 times a day with beastfeeding or formula, and 3 to 5 tbs. single grain iron fortified cereal mixed with formula.
  • 8 mo: 30-32 oz. 3-5 times a day with breastfeeding or formula, and 5 to 8 tbs. single grain cereal mixed with formula.
  • 9 mo: 30-32 oz. 3-5 times a day with breastfeeding or formula, and 5-8 tbs. any variety mixed with formula.
  • 10-12 mo: 24-30 oz. a day with breastfeeding or formula, and 5-8 tbs. any variety mixed with formula.