Amendment 1

"Freedom of speech and religion"

What does the first amendment protect?

Amendment one protects opinions stated in books, newspapers, radio, television, and sometimes movies and the internet. It also states the right to freedom of speech, the right to freedom of religion, the right to freedom to assemble, freedom of the press,and the right to petition. The government cannot censor information before it is published or broadcasted which is called prior restraint. The law prohibits slander and libel. Slander is untrue statements said to damage a persons reputation. Libel is similar to slander except that it applies to written or published statements. Additionally, the first amendment allows people to practice any type of religion they desire or no religion at all. The first amendment basically protects speech and religion. The actual text for amendment one is "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances."

Why did the founding fathers create article one?

The founding father created article one because...

The founding fathers created and approved amendment one because in Great Britain if you said something bad about the king, you could be severely punished. The founding fathers allowed people to speak their mind about the government. The founding fathers also allowed people to have their own religion because people deserved to choose freely their religion and their beliefs. In Great Britain you could not choose your own religion or speak as you please.

Modern Times and Historic Times

Freedom of religion

What is the freedom of religion?

Freedom of religion allows people to believe in what they want to believe in. People moved to America just to believe in what they chose to believe in because in Britain people could't have their own religion.

Current times, student loses a case involving religious message in a speech

A student stated something religious in a speech of hers for a stepping up ceremony. “As we say our goodbyes and leave middle school behind, I say to you, may the LORD bless you and keep you; make His face shine upon you and be gracious to you; lift up His countenance upon you, and give you peace.” was her quote in her speech. She asked her English teacher to review her speech. The English teacher told her to consult the principal. The guidance counselor gave her similar advice. The principal thought it was "too religious". In my opinion the student shouldn't have lost the case because the first amendment allows people to believe in what they believe in and it also involves the freedom of speech.

Historic times

Article one was a big change in history. Back in Britain, the king wouldn't let people have their own religion. The reason why people traveled to America was to have their own religion. The king wouldn't allow people to have their own religion.

Freedom of Speech

Why did the founding fathers allow people to say as they please?

The founding fathers allowed this so people could express their feelings without fear. But people cannot say harmful things that can damage a person's reputation which is called slander. Another thing that people cannot do is called libel. Libel is the same thing as slander except libel states about writing and books.

How did freedom of speech affect history?

The founding fathers believed that people could express their opinions but no one could get hurt in the process. In Britain it was considered treason to talk bad about the king. People can express their opinions without worry and I believe that it is ok to speek your mind, but people shouldn't go that far.

How did freedom of speech affect the people of today?

People are allowed to say what they say but some people go too far. They can get other people hurt in the process. People have a lot of power in their voice and they can persuade people to rebel and that is when it gets too far.

Freedom of Press

What does the freedom of press protect?

The freedom of press allows newspapers,books, movies, new shows and more to express their opinion. But they cannot write libel, libel is when someone writes a false statement to damage someone's reputation.

Why did the freedom of press affect history?

The freedom of press would notify people on current events. In Britain, the press couldn't express what they felt or say things that would make the king look bad even if it was the truth.

How does the freedom of press affect today?

The press can express how they feel as long as they don't damage a person's reputation. But, there are also limitations to the freedom of press. The press can chase around a celebrity as long as it doesn't damage their reputation or physically hurt them. In my opinion, I think the press chasing people around is annoying and dangerous. It could be very serious. There should be a limitation how the press gets a story or picture so it doesn't negatively affect another person.

Freedom to assemble

What is the freedom to assemble?

The freedom to assemble is the right to come together to discuss things that they have in common. For example, people can go on strike. They can also assemble for a specific cause.
Youth For Human Rights - Right to Public Assembly

How did the freedom to assemble affect history?

The government allows the freedom to assemble because people can express their feelings and opinions. The Boston Tea party was an example of people coming together for a common agreement. But the consequences were so severe the British shut down the harbor.

How does the freedom to assemble affect today?

Greece is an example of the freedom to assemble. The Greeks are coming together because what they all don't agree with the government. But in my opinion, it is getting out of hand. There should be restrictions to how violent people can be.

The right to Petition

What is the right to petition?

The right to petition is when the people ask the government to stop doing something or to do something. But a certain amount of people have to agree.

What does the right to petition have to do with history?

An example for the right to petition is slavery. People got other people's signatures and went to the government to abolish slavery. Soon they got enough votes to end slavery.

How does the freedom to petition affect people today?

People can change anything as they please, for example same sex marriage. Gay people create petitions to allow gay marriage. Some states have allowed it but others haven't. In my opinion people should marry who they want. Also if they do get enough signatures they should allow gay marriage.

Amendment 8 "prohibits excessive bail"

What is amendment 8?

Amendment 8 prohibits excessive bail. Bail is when an accused person pays money or puts up property to stay out of jail until their trial. But if that person flees, the money or property belongs to the government. The original text of amendment 8 is "Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted."

How does amendment 8 currently affect people?

Amendment eight helps the accused people mainly. There is no cruel and unusual punishment. For example, if someone stole a pack of gum, their punishment cannot be the death penalty. That is cruel and unusual punishment. In my opinion the death penalty shouldn't exist because what if the wrong person was accused and they killed them?

How did amendment eight affect history?

The king in great Britain could eliminate who ever he wanted to with no reason at all. The founding fathers wanted to make a justified punishing system so people had suitable punishments.
Commitment 2010: Understanding Amendment 8