The Five Main Religions

By Jacob Brown

Christianity

Christianity is a religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ as presented in the New Testament. Christianity is the largest world religion with approximately 2.2 billion adherents, known as Christians. Most Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the savior of humanity prophesied in the Old Testament. Consequentially, Christians refer to Jesus as Christ or Messiah.




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What is Christianity?

Judaism

Judaism is the religion,philosophy and way of life of the Jewish people. Judaism is a monotheist religion, with its foundational text, the Torah, and supplemental oral tradition represented by later texts such as the Mishnah and theTalmud. Judaism is considered by religious Jews to be the expression of the covenantal relationship God established with the Children of Israel.



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What Is Judaism?

Hinduism

Hinduism is the dominant religion of the Indian subcontinent, particularly of India and Nepal. It includes Smartism among numerous other traditions, and a wide variety of "daily morality" based on karma, dharma, and societal norms. Hinduism is a categorisation of distinct intellectual or philosophical points of view, rather than a rigid, common set of beliefs.


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What is Hinduism?

Buddhism

Buddhism is a religion indigenous to the Indian subcontinent that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and practices largely based on teachings attributed to Siddartha Guatama, who is commonly known as the Buddha, meaning "the awakened one". The Buddha lived and taught in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE. He is recognized by Buddhists as an awakened or enlightened teacher who shared his insights to help sentient beings end their suffering through the elimination of ignorance by way of understanding and the seeing of dependent origination and the elimination of desire, and thus the attainment of the cessation of all suffering, known as the sublime state of nivarna.


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What Is Buddhism?

Islam

Islam is an Abrahamic religion articulated by the Quran, a book considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God and by the teachings and normative example of Muhammed, considered by them to be the last prophet of God. An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim.


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What is Islam?