Sir Isaac Newton

By Andrew Button and Chandler Matlosz

Early Life

Isaac Newton was born January 4, 1643 in Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth. Attended the King's School in Grantham from the age of 12. While his mother tried to take him away, the school's headmaster persuaded her to send Isaac back to school. In June of 1661, Isaac Newton attended Trinity College in Cambridge. Newton studied the ideas of Galileo, Copernicus, and Kepler. He obtained his degree in 1665.


Middle Years

During his mathematical research, he circulated his findings in De Analysi per Aequationes Numeri Terminorum Infinitas and De methodis serierum et fluxionum. He and another mathmatician named Leibniz contributed a lot to the development of calculus. Newton is most known for his work on gravitation, which he started in 1679. He published books such as De Motu Corporum and Philosophiae Naturalis Prinicpia Mathematica. He developed three laws of motion, which are still studied today.

Newton's Three Laws of Motion

1. "An object at rest tends to stay at rest and an object in motion tends to stay in motion unless acted upon by a net external force."

2. "F=ma, force equals mass times acceleration. The acceleration produced by a net force on an object is directly proportional to the magnitude of the net force and inversely proportional to the mass."

3. "For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction."

Late Life

Newton was a member of the English Parliament from 1689-1690, and in 1701. Newton became the master at the Royal Mint in 1699. He earned knighthood from Queen Anne in 1705. He became President of the Royal Society in 1703. He died in London in 1727 and is buried in Wesminister Abbey.