ELA Terms To Know

Eva Granados . Period: 8th . 2/27/15

Connotation And Denotation

Connotation And Denotation

Connotation: refers to the associations that are connected to a certain word or the emotional suggestions related to that word.

Denotation: refers to the meaning of a word.

Example Of Connotation:

The connotations for the word snake could include evil or danger.

Example Of Denotation:

For example, if you look up the word snake in a dictionary, you will see that one of its denotative meanings is a long limbless reptile that has no eyelids, a short tail, and jaws and found in most tropical and temperate regions.

Difference between of connotation and denotation

Connotation is social overtones, cultural implications, or emotional meanings and denotation represents the literal meaning of a word, the 'dictionary definition.'

How to remember this 2 terms:

An easy way to remember this distinction is that the connotation is common usage and denotation is dictionary definition.

Point of views

Point of View: first person, second person, third person limited, third person omniscient

First Person: talking in their spoken language.

Second person: which the narrator tells the story to another character using 'you'.

Third Person limited: the narrator only knows the thoughts and feelings of one character. All characters are described using pronouns such as 'they', 'he', and 'she.'

Third person omniscient: method of storytelling in which the narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of all of the characters in the story.

Examples of first person, second person, third person limited and third person omniscient

First Person Example: "I'm doing to go to the bed."

Second Person Example: "To calculate the area of a room, multiply the width by the length"

Third Person Limited: "Then he looked behind him and saw that no land was visible. That makes no difference, he thought. I can always come in on the glow from Havana."

Third Person Omniscient: "Omniscient means you're everywhere at once; "Meanwhile, the serpent was busy plotting." You can switch between story lines."

Difference between them.

First person is writing by using I, second is written by you, third person limited by they, he, she and third person omniscient is written by feelings.

How to remember them?

First person: i

Second- he, she

3rd limited- they

3rd omniscient- feelings

Simile and Metaphor

Simile And Metaphor

Simile- is a figure of speech using like or as to compare 2 different things

Metaphor: Metaphor is a figure of speech which makes an implicit, implied or hidden comparison between two things or objects that are poles apart from each other but have some characteristics common between them.


Simile: The kid run as fast as a lighting.

Metaphor: My brother was boiling mad.


Simile is used by comparing 2 things using like or as and metaphor is used without using like or as.

How to remember:

Simile- As

Metaphor- M is turned to a W to let you know is without as or like

Types of Poetry: lyric, epic, narrative


Lyric: a type of emotional song like poetry, distinguished from dramatic and narrative poetry.

Epic: a long, narrative poem that is usually about heroic deeds and events that are significant to the culture of the poet.

Narrative: a form of poetry that tells a story, often making use of the voices of a narrator and characters as well; the entire story is usually written in metred verse.


The difference between them 3 is that epic poem is about a culture story, narrative poem is about a story, and a lyric poem is a poem about emotions,

How to remember-

Lyric- emotions

Epic- culture story

Narrative- tells a story

Commonplace assertion, opinion, fact


Commonplace assertion- A commonplace assertion is an assertion that is held to be true by most people but not backed up with facts

Opinion- something's not true

Fact- something that's true


Commonplace Assertion- Milk is good for you

Opinion- Diet sodas taste good

Fact- An elephant weighs 1 ton.


The difference between the 3 terms is that one is about true, the other is false, and the other is like about a saying people say.

How to remember:

Commonplace Assertion- a saying people say

Fact- true

Opinion- false