NonFiction Literary Terms


1. Objective

Not influenced by personal feelings or opinions in considering and representing facts.

In the court of law, the lawyer or judge usually has the objective by choosing what the guilty person has as a consequence.

Lawyers have to be objective for their jobs.


Based on or influenced by personal feelings, tastes, or opinions.

I was Subjective over my favorite band, though my family dislikes them.

Im subjective because i see my favorite band in a greater aspect.


Prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another.

The Candidate was very bias over what the other had to say.

The candidate is bias because they want the top position.

Credible / Valid

Believable/ having a sound basis in logic or fact.

You need valid or credible information while doing your research.

If you're not valid, then the work won't make sense.


Argument or reasoning put forward to oppose an idea or theory developed in another argument.

She had a counterargument over the fact that her need of a job is ruled out until she gets a license.

Her reasoning for a counterargument was for her benefits because of what she needs to in order to live.


A mistaken belief, esp. one based on unsound argument

The boy had a fallacy of a huge monster hiding inside his closet.

Since his words are fallacy and maybe even untrue, there's a harder way to get the attention of him being afraid.


The general attitude of a piece of writing.

The tone in the man's voice startled the others in the room.

When you have a loud tone of voice it effects others and how they see you. .-.


An idea that pervades a work of literature.

The theme of Clark's favorite book was based only on being a hero.

The theme helps to show the main idea of a story.

Point of View

A particular attitude or way of considering a matter

From a different point of view its hard to see the emotions that others have.

Seeing things differently makes you have your own point of view.

Emotional Appeal

Attempt to persuade the reader through and appeal to emotions, morals, or values.

Ads try to get your attention by showing you emotional appeal.

Something that draws you into an emotion by you looking at it, to get your attention.

Logical Appeal

Attempt to persuade the reader based on statistics and facts; reasoning.

There was enough logical appeal to know that the ad was just trying to make you feel bad.

Knowing the difference between whats real and not real.

Rhetorical Question

Asked in order to produce an effect or to make a statement rather than to elicit information.

My mom asked me the same rhetorical question everyday about why I continue to wear shoes in the house.

Rhetorical questions are mainly questions you don't expect to get an answer to.