Forest

Logan McLeod

Biome Description

Location- The location of the Deciduous forest are scattered all over the world. There are some in Russia. About Half of the United States is covered with forests. Where Canada and the United States meet are some deciduous forests. Some forests are in the country of Europe. Other forests are in Japan and China. Like I said, deciduous forest are every where.

General characteristics- The deciduous forests have a few main characteristics. They have changing seasons, and within each season the trees and plants change. The trees in the forest can grow to be very large. Or they don't. The bark on the tree is really rough. Some trees are really thick some trees aren't.

Abiotic factors

Weather- the weather in the deciduous forest is changing every season. The weather changes because the earth is on a tilt and it is rotating. Because of this, the earth has four changing seasons. Those season are winter, spring, summer, and fall. Throughout the year rain falls. But in the different season different things fall. In winter it falls as snow or sleet. In the summer the temperature is usually around 70 degrees farenheit, while in the winter it is usually below freezing. In the fall it is colder than summer but warmer than winter. This happens because the earth is starting to rotate away from the sun.

Temperature- the temperature is changing from each season. In the winter the temperature is usually around 30 deggrees farenhite to 40 degrees farenhite. In the spring it is around 50 degrees farenhite give or take a few. In the summer it is the hottest time of the year, it is around 70 degrees farenhite give or take a few. In the fall it is getting colder from summer. In the fall it about 50 degrees farenhite.

Precipitation- the amount of precipitation in the deciduous forest is a pretty big amount. It is so big that the deciduous forest is right behind the rainforest in amount of precipitation. It rains throughout the year in the forest. The average precipitation of the forest is from 30 inches of rain to 60 inches of rain.

More facts about abiotic features- we can sometimes prevent acid rain to the forest and damage it. There is also trash every where on most places of the forest. This is not good for the soil.

Landforms

Trees- trees are a landform that grow in the deciduous forest. Most of the trees in the forest can grow to be from 60 to 100 feet high. The other trees grow to be smaller. In the deciduous forest there are a few main trees that grow in this forest. Those trees are oak, beech, maple, chesnut hickory, elm basswood, linden, walnut, and sweet gum trees.

Plants- plants are also another landform in the deciduous forest. They grow all of the forest. But it changes through every season. They have to do something different in each season that there is. Both, the trees and the plants, have to adapt to each season that there is. In the winter they both loose their leaves. In the summer and spring they grow their leaves back. In the fall they keep some leaves and they loose some leaves.

Shrubs- the shrubs are the second smallest landform that grow here. The most common in the deciduous forest is the rhododendron, huckleberries, azaleas, and maintain laurel.

Biotic features

Animals- the first animal I am going to talk about is the black bear. The black bear is a medium sized bear. It is the continents smallest bear. Black bears are omnivores. This means that they eat meat and vegetation. The next animal I am going to talk about is the squirrel. Squirrels live in the eastern United States. This animal hunts and is hunted. They are hunted by owls and other birds that eat them. They are also hunted by humans. They are are herbivores. This means that they do not eat meat. The next animal that I am going to talk about is the bald eagle. The bald eagle is an carnivore. They feed on small fish, reptiles, small sea birds, and mammals. They are found in many habitats. Including habitats in eastern Quebec and New England. Interesting fact, the female bald eagle is bigger than the male bald eagle. The bald eagle is also the national symbol for the U.S. The beaver is the next animal I will be talking about. The beavers are large semi-aquatic rodents. They build small lodges with stick mud, sticks, and their teeth. The beaver is a herbivore. Their diet consists of tree bark, twigs, leaves, and water plants. The last animal I am going to talk about is the bobcat. The bobcat is a carnivore. This animal only eats meat. It eats small mammals.their diets varies of their location and season.

Plants- the first plant we are going to discuss is the Red baneberry. It is a large bushy plant with large divided leaves. The branched, 1-3 ft leaves of this perennial bear two or three compound leaves, each thrice divided. The next plant is the butterly fly bush. The shrub grows up to 10 ft. in height and spreads impressively. It is purple and green. The next plant I am going to talk about is the Common Chokecherry. This plants colors are white and yellow. This plant can survive with less war as it is drought resistant. It produces delicious fruits which can be used to make jams, sauces, and jellies. This next plant is the double flowering plum. This plant is the Rosé Tree of China. It is a shrub that is double flowering and is known for its amazing pink flowers. This shrub can grow to 8 feet in height and grows from 6-8 feet in length. Last but not least is the tamirix. This plant can grow to be 16 feet. The flowers bloom for a long time and can be seen from January to mid- September.

Ecological concerns or issues

Catastrophic events- catostrophic events are a terrible thing. One very horrible thing that happens to the deciduous forest is that people cut down trees. That is what helps the animals breath. It is the animals home it's habitat. It wouldn't be called a forest if there were not any trees. Another catastrophic event is acid rain. Acid rain gets on the leaves of trees. When it does that it makes the trees not able to produce many seeds.

Human impact- us people have an impact on the forest. We help it sometimes and we don't help it sometimes. We can help buy going every once and a while to just help clean it up. We can help recycle. Make the forest cleaner. Cut down fewer trees. We also need trees to to help us breath. We don't help by not cleaning it up. Littering when when we are in the forest. We produce bad things even though some of us don't know how it is happening or how bad it is.