The Crusades

By Wyatt P. & Riley Z.

Time Period (1096-1204)

Most historians consider the Sermon preached by the Pope Urban II at Clermont-Ferrand on November 1095 to have been the spark that fueled a wave of military campaigns to the rest of the Muslim control.

Early Crusades

After the first Crusades achieved its goal with the capture of Jerusalem in 1099, the invading Christians set up several Latin- Christian states, even as Muslims in the region vowed to wage holy war ( Jihad) to regain control over the religion.

Saladin

Muslim military & political leader, a Sultan ( leader ) that led the Islamic forces during the crusades, greatest triumph was at the battle of Hattin in 1197 for Islamic re-conquest over Jerusalem along with other holy land cities near east.

Later Crusades

The later Crusades were for the most part only expeditions to assist those who already were in the Holy Land and defend the lands they had captured.

Reasons for and effects of the Crusades

Reasons for: Urban called for war, Turks encroached on Constantinople, Muslims captured Jerusalem


Effects: Growth of trade in the East, kingdoms grew in size and power, Muslim distrust in the West. Jerusalem was captured by the Christians, but never stayed in control of it.

Quiz on Crusades

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(Essential Question)

How and why did the Crusades expand Catholic faith?