The Northeast

Physical Characteristics of the Northeast

It is known for its beautiful landscape. The precipitation and type of soil is what helps the make the landscape beautiful. Visitors wanting a broad view of the Northeast might head for the craggy coast of Maine, New York's spectacular Niagara Falls, or the rolling farmlands of Pennsylvania. New York is considered by many to be the cultural center of the nation, whereas Boston and Philadelphia offer visitors a view into the nations history.

Natural Resources

Have few natural resources. The region's thin, rocky soils and steep hills are a challenge to the area's farmers. The Appalachian Mountains make some parts quite rugged. Apart from the coal-rich area of Pennsylvania, the region has few mineral resources. The one major resources that has turned it into a center of trade, commerce, and industry-- its waters. The Northeast is engaged in commerce and fishing. The shorelines provide many excellent harbors.

Leader in Industry

The Northeast many rivers, including the Connecticut and the Hudson, have been vital to its history. The rain and the hilly terrain, keeps the river region flowing swiftly. The industrialists used the water wheels to help power the machines. In the 1800's factories were built at waterfalls along many rivers. The river were also used trade routes, railroad routes, and later as the modern highway routes for the Northeast. By the early 1900's the Northeast was the most productive manufacturing region in the world.
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The Megalopolis

Megalopolis- a word based on a Greek roots meaning "a very large city." As manufacturing grew, those cities attracted industries that needed a large supply of workers. Many came to escape political oppression and economic hardships. By the 1960's the area from Boston to Washington, D.C., had earned a new name: megalopolis. About 40 million people now live there. This megalopolis faces serious problems like running short of water, or of facilitates for waste disposal. Their has also been a decline in population. The Northeast remains a vital area, despite the destruction of the World Trade Center in 2001, New York is still the business capital of the world.