Cultural News Update
(Japan, India, & China)
Japan has been inhabited since the Upper Paleolithic period, when the first record was recorded as early as 1st century AD. Japan is known for their fashion, cherry blossoms, and cuisines. Japanese cuisines contain a majority of seafood. Japan's fashion industry is constantly changing and there are multiple trends at one time on the streets of Japan. Japanese culture tends to be set around festivals and ceremonies, such as Aomori Nebuta Festival, the Hadaka Matsuri Festival, Cherry Blossom Festival, and Japanese Tea Ceremony. The Cherry Blossom Festival is a huge part of the Japanese culture and every spring people picnic in the cherry groves, drink tea, and listen to music while appreciating the beauty. The Hadaka Matsuri and Aomori Nebuta festivals are ancient festivities that the Japanese celebrate in a modern form. The Tea Ceremony is also a huge part in Japanese traditions, the ceremony was influenced by Zen Buddhism and is a cultural ritual of preparing and offering tea to guests. The two major religions practiced in Japan are Shinto and Buddhism.
(from Japanese research notes)
Most recognizable style in Japan street fashion. Different styles of Lolita include, gothic, sweet, punk, classic, and kodona.
Gyaru originated in 1970s, the street fashion is a glam style that mainly focuses on wigs, false eyelashes, and false nails.
Ganguro became popular in 1990s and it includes bright colored colored clothes, mini skirts, tie-dye shirts, bleach hair, tan, fake eyelashes, eyeliner, platform shoes, and jewelry.
Japanese cultural food
Japanese Cultural Music
fu-ru-i-ke ya (5)
ka-wa-zu to-bi-ko-mu (7)
The old pond
A frog jumps in
The sound of water
The First Cold Shower
ha-tsu shi-gu-re (5)
sa-ru mo ko-mi-no wo (7)
ho-shi-ge na-ri (5)
The first cold shower
Even the monkey seems to want
A little coat of straw
(Haiku style poems have three lines with syllables of 5,7,5.)
Most haikus are about nature, seasons, emotions, love, and sadness.
Hito ni awan
Tsuki no naki yow a
Mune bashiribi ni
Kokoro yake ori
No way to see him
On this moonless night—
I lie awake longing, burning,
Breasts racing fire,
Heart in flames.
- Ono no Komachi
(Tanka poems have 5 lines of 5, 7, 5, 7, 7, which equals 31 syllables.)
Most tankas are similar to haikus and are about nature, seasons, emotions, love, and sadness.
This picture was taken during a Diwali light festival in India.
Map of India
India is located in South Asia and is bordered by Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, and Burma.
Indian Cultural Food
Indian Cultural Music
India's Fashion Industry
During the spring festival the Chinese celebrate Lunar New Year and dress up like dragons and dance around during the parade.
Map of China
China is located in Southeast Asia along the Pacific Ocean and is the third largest country.
Chinese Cultural Food
Chinese Cultural Music
Chinese Fashion Industry
Siddhartha by Hermann Hesse
("One can learn much from a river.") 49
The Ferryman: Vasudeva is the guide to enlightenment and is the only one able to help Siddhartha reach enlightenment by not telling him what he needs to do, but by showing him the way.
("I have waited for this hour, my friend. Now that it has arrived, let me go. I have been Vasudeva, the Ferryman, for a long time. Now it is over.") 136
Gambling: chance of life.
("He won thousands, he threw thousands away, lost money, lost jewels, lost a country house, won again, lost again.") 79
Suckling from the women's breast: milk from the women is giving Siddhartha life, a new life to reach nirvana and also knowledge.
("Sweet and strong tasted the milk from this breast. It tasted of woman and man, of sun and forest, of animal and flower, of every fruit, of every pleasure.") 48
Love: Acceptance of loving something or someone is necessary to reach enlightenment.
Om: Unity of things and peace in one's spirit/mind.
("The whole, the unity; then the great song of a thousand voices consisted of one word: Om-perfection") 136
Govinda: Returns throughout the novel to show Siddhartha's love for his friend and his one step closer to enlightenment.
Opposites: Materialistic/spiritual, body/mind, and love/loneliness.
- This shows how Siddhartha first thought he had to be in order to achieve enlightenment.
"When all the Self was conquered and dead, when all passions and desires were silent, then the last must awaken, the innermost of Being that is no longer Self - the great secret!" (29)
- Explains to the readers what Siddhartha's goal is.
"Slowly, like moisture entering the dying tree trunk...so did the world and inertia creep into Siddhartha's soul; it slowly filled his soul, made it heavy, made it tired, sent it to sleep. But on the other hand his senses became more awakened, they learned a great deal, experienced a great deal." (61)
- Letting stuff in can be a good thing and can help you in life rather than slowing you down like Siddhartha once believed.
"That is what Siddhartha learned from the Samanas. ... everyone can reach his goal if he can think, wait, and fast." (50)
- Siddhartha still uses gifts that he acquired from the Samanas.
"Had not his father suffered the same pain that he was now suffering for his son? ... Was it not a comedy, a strange and stupid thing, this repetition, this course of events in a fateful circle?" (107)
- Siddhartha realizes that he did the same thing to his father and that everyone needs to go on their own journey in order to seek their goal.
"yes, I am going into the woods; I am going into the unity of all things, said Vasudeva" (137)
- Shows that Vasudeva has done what he needed to by guiding Siddhartha to enlightenment and he himself has reached enlightenment according to when Vasudeva says he is "going into the unity of all things".
"I attach more importance to things." (146)
- Siddhartha's view has changed since the beginning of the book and he know believes that you cannot reach enlightenment with words and instructions another person tells you, for you need to find your way through materialistic things.