Causes of the American Revolution
What is the American Revolution
The American Revolution was a political upset between the 13 colonies
The purpose of the Navigation Act was an effort to put the theory of mercantilism in practice. There were two rules that the colonist had to follow when trading goods, those two rules were that you could only trade with English or colonial ships and certain enumerated items were to be only shipped within the empire. The Sugar act was a duty placed on importation of sugar from French West Indies. The biggest impact of the Navigation act was the act of mercantilism. That was the Navigation act.
The Proclamation of 1763
The Proclamation was created after the French and Indian war. King George issued the Proclamation to avoid more conflict and tension with the American Indians. The colonist were angered because they did not want tot live with soldiers in there homes.
The Stamp Act
The Stamp act taxed any printed material i the colonies and required the colonist to buy stamps, or seal, for paper products. The stamp act was created for granting and applying certain stamp duties in British colonies. The Sons of Liberty was created by Samuel Adams and their purpose was to protest against British taxes. At the Stamp act Congress they discussed a unified protest against new British taxation.
The Quartering Act
Britain respond to the stamp act protest by pouring hot tar and feathers on tax distributors. The Quartering act is a name given to a minimum of two acts of British Parliament. There were two major issues that colonist had and those issues were that the colonist thought they could be attacked at anytime and that the British couldn't pay for food and quartering. The writs of assistance is a written order issued by a court instructing a law enforcement.
Items that were taxed were imported goods such as tea, glass, paper, and other items. The Daughters of Liberty responds protested the townshend Acts by making their own cloth and not buying British clothing. The item the British continued to tax after the townshend Acts was tea. The Sons of Liberty responded to the continued taxation on tea by using violence and attacking the homes of British officials and colonial tax collectors.
The Boston massacre
The Boston massacre consisted of a group of angry colonist arguing with British soldiers, one of the colonist threw a rock and the British soldiers began to fire into the crowd. Sam Adams responded to the massacre by using the incident as propaganda, one sided information to influence the public opinion. After the Boston massacre John Adams chose to represent the soldier in the infamous trial to show that colonist value the right to a trial by jury for all citizens.
Tea Act & Boston Tea Party
The Tea Act made the British East India company the only company allowed to sell tea to the colonies, which made this a monopoly over tea. The colonist were unhappy because they still had to pay imported taxes to Britain. The Sons of Liberty responded to the tea act by dressing up as native American Indians, illegally boarded the ships and dumped 342 crates of British tea into the Boston Harbor, this was called the Boston Tea Party.
The Coercive Act (Intolerable Acts)
When the British prime minister convinced parliament to pass a set of laws, the laws were known as the Coercive Acts. The four laws that were enforced by the Coercive Acts as a result of the Intolerable Acts are: did not allow town meetings, gave Britain control of the colony, and strengthened the quartering Act. The other colonies responded by being supported by Boston, as it supported the other colonies. In addition it stirred revolutionary spirit throughout the colonies