The men were under cover within six weeks. The first properly constructed hut appeared in three days. One other hut, which required 80 logs, and whose timber had to be collected from miles away, went up in one week with the use of only one axe. These huts provided sufficient protection from the moderately cold, but mainly wet and damp conditions of the mild, but typical Pennsylvania winter of 1777–1778.
President Lincoln signed this document January 1, 1863, which was directed only to the states that seceded from the Union. Slave states that remained with the Union were not affected.