Cells

By Cambri Lea Addison

What is a cell?

A cell is the smallest structure and functional unit of an organism, a microscopic and consisting of cytoplasm and a nucleus enclosed in a membrane. Microscopic organisms typically consist of a single cell, which is either eukaryotic or prokaryotic.

Prokaryotic Cell



A Prokaryotic cell is any cellular organism that has no nuclear membrane, no organelles in the cytoplasm except ribosomes, and has its genetic material in the form of single continuous strands forming coils, characteristic of all organisms in the kingdom Monera.

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Eukaryotic Cell

A Eukaryotic cell is any organism having a cell type that contains specialized organelles in the cytoplasm, a membrane-bound nucleus enclosing genetic material organized into chromosomes, and an elaborate system of division by mitosis or meiosis, characteristic of all life forms except bacteria, blue-green algae, and other microorganisms.
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The difference between the two types of cells

The Prokaryotic cell is a singled cell without a membrane and a nucleus while a Eukaryotic cell has organelles.

What do cells have?

DNA genome, plasma membrane, cytoplasm, ribosomes.

All eukaryotic cells have a nucleus, membrane bound organelles, ER, golgi, vesicles, and a cytoskeleton