Evaluating Japan

By Ethan Ball

What is Japan?

Japan is an is an island nation in East Asia. It is located in the Pacific Ocean and lies east of China, South Korea, North Korea, and Russia. It has the world’s tenth largest population, with over 127 million people. It consists of a total of 6,852 islands and its total land area is 364,500 square kilometers. After WW2 in which the Empire of Japan fought with the Axis forces Japan renounced its right to declare war, although it still maintains a military force for self-defense.

Japans recent history

In the early 20th century the Empire of Japan where trying to expand the territory. World War 1 enabled Japan, on the side of the Allies that were victorious, to widen its influence and territorial holding. Shortly after this Japan resigned from the League of Nations, which was replaced with the modern United Nations, they then signed a contract with Nazi-Germany and become one of the Axis Powers. After two atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki Japan agreed to surrender to the Allied forces. Japan eventually was granted membership into the United Nations in 1956. More recently in 2010 they had an earthquake and tsunami, the earthquake is the strongest one in recorded history. The earthquake also triggered the Fukushima Daichii nuclear disaster, one of the worst disasters in nuclear history.

Population and health

Japan has the tenth-largest population in the world at exactly 127,817,277 people. It also has the highest male and female life expectancy with females reaching a total of 86 years old and males the average 80 years old. Japan has the third-lowest infant mortality rate per 1000 births.

In Japan health care is provided by national and local governments. Payment for personal medical services is offered through a universal health insurance system that provides relative equality of access, with fees set by a government committee. People without insurance through employers can participate in a national health insurance program administered by local governments. Since 1973, all elderly persons have been covered by government-sponsored insurance. Patients are free to select the physicians or facilities of their choice. Japan has good access to resources needed to live; access to things like a water source and internet is at 100%. The health expenditure per capita is currently at $4065. The current population growth annual is 0.3%.

Geography

The geography is mostly forested and mountainous and about 73% of their land is unlivable making most of the Japanese population live in coastal areas and have a high population density. Things like Mount Fuji and cherry blossom trees are major symbols of Japan. Japan is located in a volcanic zone known as the Pacific Ring of Fire. Japan has a total of 108 active volcanoes, Japan also often suffer from earthquakes which commonly result in tsunami's, like the recent one in 2010.

Culture and technology

Japanese culture has evolved greatly from it's origins. It's culture combines influances from Asia, Europe and North America. Japan is also well known for it's destinct archicture and their temple buildings and traditional housing. Despite having traditional housing and buildings the Japanese people are also very technologically advanced, they have a total of 98,951,089 internet users. Japan is a leading nation in scientific research. Some of Japan more prominant technological contributions are in the fields of electronics, auto-mobiles, machinery, chemicals, and metals.