Kenneth B. Clark

Civil Rights


    AKA Kenneth Bancroft Clark

    Born: 14-Jul-1914
    Birthplace: Panama Canal Zone, Panama
    Died: 1-May-2005
    Location of death: Hastings-on-Hudson, NY
    Cause of death: Cancer - unspecified
    Remains: Buried, Mount Hope Cemetery, Hastings-on-Hudson, NY

    Gender: Male
    Race or Ethnicity: Black
    Sexual orientation: Straight
    Occupation: Psychologist
    Party Affiliation: Democratic

    Nationality: United States
    Executive summary: Studied the effects of prejudice on children

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Why he is important

  • Clark was also the first African-American to become a fully tenured professor at the City College of New York.
  • He aided Gunnar Myrdal with his monumental study of America's racial problems. With his wife Mamie Phipps Clark, in 1946, the couple founded the North side Center for Child Development to work with ghetto children, and published a report (1950) that unmasked the psychological effects of racial segregation in schools.
  • The report was prominently cited in the 1954 Supreme Court ruling, Brown v. Board of Education, that outlawed segregation nationwide.
  • Psychologist and educator, Kenneth Bancroft Clark was born on July 24, 1914 in the Panama Canal Zone.
  • Emigrating to New York City with his mother (1919), he studied at Howard University (1935) and Columbia University where he earned a PhD in psychology (1940).
  • He was the first black president of the American Psychological Association.
  • Kenneth Bancroft Clark helped found Harlem Youth Opportunities Unlimited, served as a consultant to private and government bodies, was named the first black member of the New York State Board of Regents (1966), and founded Kenneth B. Clark & Associates (1986) ,a consulting firm for racially related issues.