Kenneth B. Clark
AKA Kenneth Bancroft Clark
Birthplace: Panama Canal Zone, Panama
Location of death: Hastings-on-Hudson, NY
Cause of death: Cancer - unspecified
Remains: Buried, Mount Hope Cemetery, Hastings-on-Hudson, NY
Race or Ethnicity: Black
Sexual orientation: Straight
Party Affiliation: Democratic
Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Studied the effects of prejudice on children
Why he is important
- Clark was also the first African-American to become a fully tenured professor at the City College of New York.
- He aided Gunnar Myrdal with his monumental study of America's racial problems. With his wife Mamie Phipps Clark, in 1946, the couple founded the North side Center for Child Development to work with ghetto children, and published a report (1950) that unmasked the psychological effects of racial segregation in schools.
- The report was prominently cited in the 1954 Supreme Court ruling, Brown v. Board of Education, that outlawed segregation nationwide.
- Psychologist and educator, Kenneth Bancroft Clark was born on July 24, 1914 in the Panama Canal Zone.
- Emigrating to New York City with his mother (1919), he studied at Howard University (1935) and Columbia University where he earned a PhD in psychology (1940).
- He was the first black president of the American Psychological Association.
- Kenneth Bancroft Clark helped found Harlem Youth Opportunities Unlimited, served as a consultant to private and government bodies, was named the first black member of the New York State Board of Regents (1966), and founded Kenneth B. Clark & Associates (1986) ,a consulting firm for racially related issues.