The 9/11 Emergency and Aftermath

Muslims in America post-9/11

General Information

In the U.S. today, it's common knowledge what a dark day in our history September 11th, 2001 was. On that day at 8:45 a.m., a hijacked passenger plane was crashed into the North Tower of the World Trade Center, with a second attack on the South Tower soon following and a third hijacked plane veered into the Pentagon. Thanks to the chivalry of its passengers, the fourth plane never hit its (unknown) mark and crashed, instead, into a remote field in Pennsylvania.

These carefully engineered attacks were planned by Islamic terrorists in league with al-Qaeda, the infamous terrorist group of the infamous Osama Bin Laden. In the three attacks combined, 10,000 were injured and 3,000 lives claimed, most of which were just ordinary people at work. The attacks were supposedly in retaliation to "America's support of Israel, its involvement in the Persian Gulf War, and its continued military presence in the Middle East" (9/11 Attacks [Article]).

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In Relation to The Crucible

The most prominent similarity we can point out between The Crucible and the ever-present 9/11 incident needs no citation or research, since most Americans have witnessed it firsthand. Post-9/11, Americans felt the need to search for a scapegoat, and found it in the entire religion of Islam and its practitioners. In the years since, it's been a rough life for Muslims in America an beyond. The moment you're seen in a hijab or a turban could be a turning point for you and how people see you, just the same as forgetting a commandment or working on Sunday may have gotten you convicted on witchcraft charges in 17th century Salem. And after 9/11, America experienced a reported 1,600% increase in hate crimes towards Muslim Americans (Khan, Ecklund). The same way the townspeople of Salem pointed fingers to save themselves, Americans began doing anything they could to feel safe (even if it was at the expense of others).

Another similarity in themes is the victims made of only specific groups of people. In Salem, mostly women were accused of witchcraft, since they were thought to be more easily tempted by the devil (Kennedy, Cohen 74). In modern-day America, you don't usually witness a white man or woman being accused of terrorism or being in league with Hussein, because they don't fit the stereotypical image that comes to mind when people think "terrorist." Similarly, it's more common for one to witness Muslim people being "randomly selected" for more thorough airport security screenings. Just as no one in Salem would have thought a respected Christian man to be a witch, few people would suspect a Caucasian person of terrorism.

Work Cited

Khan, Mussarat. "Journal OfMuslim Mental Health." Attitudes Toward Muslim Americans Post-9/11. N.p., 2012. Web. 06 Dec. 2014. <;view=fulltext>

"9/11 Attacks." A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2014. <>

Kennedy, David M., and Lizabeth Cohen. The American Pageant. 15th ed. Boston, Mass.: Wadsworth, 2013. Print.

Morello, Carol. "Muslim Americans Say Life Is More Difficult since 9/11." Washington Post. The Washington Post, 30 Aug. 2011. Web. 05 Dec. 2014. <>

Handwerk, Brian. "Remembering 9/11 With Indelible Pictures." National Geographic. National Geographic Society, 11 Sept. 2014. Web. 06 Dec. 2014. <>