Drug Addiction and Abuse

By Hyun and Peter

Middle school drug abuse and addiction.

32% of middle schoolers have seen, used, or sold abused prescription drugs more than drugs on school grounds

60%of teenagers who have abused prescription painkillers did so before the

age of 15. 45% of those who use it prior to the age of 15

will later develop and addiction.

12 to 17 year olds abuse prescription drugs more than they abuse ecstasy, crack/cocaine heroin and methamphetamine combined

Drugs and consequenses

Most abused drugs directly or indirectly target the brain's reward system by flooding the circuit with dopamine. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter present in regions of the brain that regulate movement, emotion, cognition, motivation, and feelings of pleasure.

More deaths, illnesses and disabilities stem from substance abuse than from any other preventable health condition. Today, one in four deaths is attributable to illicit drug use.

Drugs can Weaken the immune system.Cause cardiovascular conditions ranging from abnormal heart rate to heart attacks.Cause nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain.Cause the liver to have to work harder, possibly causing significant damage or liver failure.Cause seizures, stroke and widespread brain damage.

All drugs of abuse - nicotine, cocaine, marijuana, and others - effect the brain's "reward" circuit, which is part of the limbic system.Drugs hijack this "reward" system, causing unusually large amounts of dopamine to flood the system.This flood of dopamine is what causes the "high" or euphoria associated with drug abuse.

They make you have Paranoia, Aggressiveness, Hallucinations, Addiction, Impaired Judgment, Impulsiveness, Loss of Self-Control.

Nearly 4 percent of pregnant women in the United States use illicit drugs such as marijuana, cocaine, Ecstasy and other amphetamines, and heroin1. These and other illicit drugs may pose various risks for pregnant women and their babies. Some of these drugs can cause a baby to be born too small or too soon, or to have withdrawal symptoms, birth defects or learning and behavioral problems.

Key details

One third said their school has drug test

Alcohol use for students is also a problem

The school climate changes how kids use drugs or not

Teacher attitudes are important

School climate has more of an effect on girls boys-for drug use