Freedom's Calling

Gladys Valero-1st period-12/9/2014

Meaningful Quote

"Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal." -Abraham Lincoln

Interesting Facts

  • Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote an anti-slavery novel which ended up a best seller and started a wave of anti-slavery sentiment across the nation.
  • President Lincoln then got a hold of Harriet's book and when he finally met her he said, "so you're the little lady who wrote the book who started this great war."
  • After the election of 1860, the Southerners feared that the republican party would abolish slavery and then they wouldn't have anyone to work in their fields.
  • Additional territories gained from the US and Mexican War of 1846-1848 heightened the slavery debate
  • People who did not support slavery fought hard to have slavery illegal in the territories gained in the Mexican war
  • Some people who did not support slavery helped runaway slaves escape with the underground railroads
  • The Missouri compromise added territories that were gained by the US and Mexican war that made the slave debate a lot more serious.
  • Dred Scott was a slave that wanted nothing but citizenship through the american legal system. His want ended up in the supreme court to be revised.

Causes of the Civil War Thoughts & Comments

I personally think that the main cause of the civil war was because of slavery and Sectionalism. I could see how Harriet and Abraham would have agreed. The slaves were not seen as people but as property, but that's not what they were. In the article it said "members of the american party and others who opposed slavery to form a political entity in the 1850's". If slavery was still going on I would join this group of people because slaves are for those who don't seek to work (Southerners). The separation between the North and South was a big deal with the war. I think of them as two completely different parts of land that each did two completely different things. The south supported slavery and their lifestyle was based on agriculture and plantation and north didn't like slavery and didn't support states rights and all that good stuff/etc., what I'm trying to say is that they both were completely different and had different points of views.
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What would have happened if Abraham Lincoln didn't win the election of 1860? Would we still have slaves today?

---Well first of all, Stephen A. Douglas (also running for president) supported slavery, automatically you can already tell that we would have had slavery in 1860. And that the Union would not have been very pleased. If Lincoln didn't win then we would still have had slavery. Say if Douglas won the election and that we still had slaves during his time of being president, when it finally came the time to vote for a new president, I think that there would have been a kind hearten person who would run for president and not support slavery. If not then I think Abraham Lincoln would've either ran for president or have done something to get rid of slavery.

How do you think the slaves felt once they were released?

--- At first I think they would have been extremely thankful for freedom and be happy but once they were truly on their own they had no idea what to do. They were so used to being told what to do, what to eat, when to go to bed, when to wake up, and when to do everything really that once they were free they were scared. Where would they sleep, how would they get food, would they survive on their own, what were they going to do the rest of their lives, they were clueless.