Teotihuacan

Kathryn Rohe, Tyson Thomas

Basics of the Civilization

The Teotihuacan civilization existed from 300-700 CE. It was located in modern day Mexico City. The city maintained a complex urban and economic structure. It held various kinds of craft shops, major religious activity, politics, and trade with long distance Mayan groups. Long distance trade involved bringing in raw materials that we're not available locally. The city was divided up into separate compounds, each with its own set of rituals. A study of the organization if the city even showed that there were ethnic neighborhoods. This civilization left a lot of interesting architecture. They built two temples that were classified as the world's largest man made structures. There were also brilliant stone workers and painters in that civilization that left beautiful frescos, buildings, and artifacts.

Aspects of Civilization

The Teotihuacan civilization was the most important and largest city pre-Aztec central Mexico. It was a religious based civilization, and had many Gods relating to nature. Only priests were allowed to climb the temples for rituals and ceremonies. They were also a very intelligent civilization. They invented the concept of math and the number 0. They also invented accurate calendars with 365 day years. They did this by having their astronomers track the cycle of the moon, the sun, and planets thousands do years in advance correctly. They invented chocolate, herbal medicine, and sports. By 700 BC the Teotihuacans invented a writing system, but it's barely traceable. The civilization had schools, libraries, hospitals, and sports arenas. By 1000 AD, the Mayan empire abandoned most of their cities when the Spanish arrived. They scattered into smaller villages for refuge.

Artifacts

Primary Source

Teotihuacan's murals constitute a primary source for understanding the city's religion and social organization. Found throughout the city on the walls of apartment compounds, the paintings depict a wide range of images centered around two major deities: a female known as the Great Goddess and a male known as the Storm God. The Great Goddess is usually depicted with additional designs or patterns relating to agricultural fertility. The Storm God is usually shown and identified by his distinctive face mask and the lightning bolt carried in his left hand. Animals, including coyotes, owls, and jaguars, are also prominent in the murals. The paintings were laid down quickly on thinly plastered walls. Red is usually the color that dominates the murals with tones of green and blue and brown.
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Civilization Conclusion

The Teotihuacan civilization has impacted out modern day society tremendously in more than just one way. They invented he concept of math and the number 0, and formed our modern day calendar. We as a modern society, still use all of their inventions to this day. They left incredible architecture that we still study and learn from today. They were highly advanced and filled with unique customs, a comprehensive language, and amazing technology. The history of the civilization is one that has long been admired and studied by people around the world. Their economy was also very specialized and intricate. A variety of goods were produced within the Aztec empire, including tools, pottery, figurines, jewelry, cloth, and baskets. These goods were either made specifically for the ruler or sold in the local markets. Their advanced technology also made it possible to build these grand step pyramids, which sometimes stood over 100 feet tall. Teotihuacans also played an immensely important role in the Aztec civilization because of the large population living there, as well as the abundance of religious buildings and activities that took place there. Their civilization was so complex and intricate, that we are still surprised of the discoveries that we find. They thrived not only as a civilization, but an empire even back in the ancient times.

MLA Citations

"Teotihuacan." Teotihuacan. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2014.


"Teotihuacan Mural Art: Assessing the Accuracy of Its Interpretation."Teotihuacan Mural Art: Assessing the Accuracy of Its Interpretation. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Sept. 2014.


"Ancient Scripts: Teotihuacan." Ancient Scripts: Teotihuacan. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Sept. 2014.


"The Aztec Civilization." The Aztec Civilization. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Sept. 2014.