Death Rituals around the World

American, Japanese, and Chinese cultures

American Culture

  • Bible Verses are commonly read during a funeral by a preacher.
  • The ritual of death includes a visitation, burial, and burial service.
  • The body of the deceased is placed in a coffin or it can be cremated.

Clothing and Artwork

  • Many of the attendees at the funeral wear black or dark colors.
  • A picture of the deceased is commonly displayed during the memorial service.
  • Flowers, belongings of the deceased or sentimental objects might be placed on the outside or within the coffin.
  • Hymns or songs is commonly sung at the funeral.
Big image

Religious Rites

  • Flower girls may help carry the coffin to symbolize life the deceased being reunited with God in Heaven.
  • Funerals of Christians commonly include biblical text about the deceased departing to heaven and the end of suffering.
Big image

Food

  • A meal usually follows the burial service but it does not consist of any specific food. Attendees of the funeral and the family of the deceased may gather in a church or the home of the deceased.
Big image

Burial and Bodily Rites

  • The body of the deceased is usually placed in a graveyard or a cemetery if it is not cremated.
  • The grave stone will include the name of the deceased, the date of their birth and death, and possibly a quote from the Bible.
Big image

Japenese Culture

  • "Water of the Last Moment Ceremony" is a ceremony where lips of the deceased are moistened with water.
  • Family members will pass the bones from chopsticks to chopsticks and into the urn after cremation.

Big image

Speeches/orations given

  • . At the wake, a Buddhist priest will read a sutra. The priest will be carrying a prayer bead called a juz.

Big image

Clothing and Artwork

  • Attendees of the funeral commonly wear white or black.
  • Candles and flowers are placed near the deceased body.
Big image

Religious Rites

  • The Japanese culture believes in reincarnation of the deceased until they have reached Enlightenment. Enlightenment is the state of not desiring or hating anything,
  • Most bodies are cremated.
Big image

Food Traditions

  • There are no food traditions surrounding death in Japanese culture but the typical Japanese meal consists of rice, miso soup, picked vegetables, and a meat.

  • Green tea is offered by the Buddhist priest at the wake.
Big image

Burial Rites

  • The deceased person is usually given a new Buddhist name.
  • The urn is in the deceased person's home for 35 days and then placed in a cemetery.

Chinese Culture

  • The Wake is when candle's and flowers (Iris's) are placed around the body.
  • Family members are expected to keep an overnight vigil.
Big image

Clothing and Artwork

  • The deceased person wears a white robe. The attendees wear white or black. If the deceased person was over 80, it is common for attendees to wear pink or red.
  • A picture of the deceased is usually displayed.
Big image

Religious Rites

  • Seven days after the death of a family member the soul of the departed will return to his/her home, talcum powder is sprinkled on floor in case the soul of the departed would get lost.

  • Children are buried in silence. There are no funeral rites for children.

Big image

Food

  • Food following a funeral includes pig, duck, fruit, tea, rice, and wine.
Big image

Burial Rites

  • Burial rites are determined by the age, status in society, cause of death, and marital status.
  • All mirrors and statues are covered with red paper in the home of the deceased.

Citations

http://chineseculture.about.com/od/chinesefestivals/a/Chinese-Funeral-Traditions.htm

http://www.chinaculture.org/gb/en_chinaway/2004-03/03/content_46092.htm

http://www.flavorandfortune.com/dataaccess/article.php?ID=607

https://www.funeralwise.com/customs/chinese/

https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=burial+rites+japan&view=detailv2&id=C573C2256C46CF282ECB9BB41703FE13049402B6&selectedindex=19&ccid=Dvm6mNQs&simid=608050014307745947&thid=OIP.M0ef9ba98d42c394bd1017dc2c669ebbbo0&mode=overlay&first=1

http://traditionscustoms.com/death-rites/japanese-funeral

http://www.ancientegyptianfacts.com/ancient-egyptian-rituals.html

http://www.alrahalah.com/2012/03/top-10-foods-in-egypt/

https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=reincarnation&view=detailv2&&id=FECDE92954701FFE072F752C818DBF7795CE2BBF&selectedIndex=4&ccid=CO4AgVd4&simid=608049700780115406&thid=OIP.M08ee008157781d36964d2743e7bec3bcH0&ajaxhist=0

https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=funerals&view=detailv2&id=BAEF55BEF7CFFC73635FAEDE34E41C4E67C32DC8&selectedindex=6&ccid=DbG8hHD%2B&simid=607997787505167512&thid=OIP.M0db1bc8470fe7c75aa9bb06a7300244bo0&mode=overlay&first=1

https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=funerals&view=detailv2&id=4B982C28D8F3869817E3C59A28E3E36C66ED1572&selectedindex=8&ccid=UIJPEHKv&simid=608010852799154552&thid=OIP.M50824f1072af919a8846ce9c6b37bd30H0&mode=overlay&first=1

https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=sutra&view=detailv2&&id=AD7EA7DB715213F918D34F8179599A00BC05FF50&selectedIndex=1&ccid=OazzPYmU&simid=608026954636985561&thid=OIP.M39acf33d899458bd8992e87ebdf9c654o0&ajaxhist=0

https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=funerals&view=detailv2&id=ECD3B69FC3A72EF69FDA02690217AD388C2630CC&selectedindex=10&ccid=1tPo3%2FG9&simid=608011698904762093&thid=OIP.Md6d3e8dff1bd48fb90f8dc99770f525cH0&mode=overlay&first=1

https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=graveyard&view=detailv2&&id=B3376DCBEEF9C2C46E8317D8235E2E7CE2FBA5EB&selectedIndex=25&ccid=Hr%2bVjDAv&simid=608011514221497627&thid=OIP.M1ebf958c302fbb4a5f10d1eed2d04e45o0&ajaxhist=0

https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=funeral+service+food&view=detailv2&&id=052B8A7C359880FCBEC752FB9AE25685DE9F9FB4&selectedIndex=27&ccid=BVDBPEhx&simid=607992749505972673&thid=OIP.M0550c13c487101c5eb9792cdae64a52eo0&ajaxhist=0

http://www.thefuneralsource.org/trad01.html

http://blog.sevenponds.com/cultural-perspectives/japanese-funeral-practices

https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=sutra&view=detailv2&&id=AD7EA7DB715213F918D34F8179599A00BC05FF50&selectedIndex=1&ccid=OazzPYmU&simid=608026954636985561&thid=OIP.M39acf33d899458bd8992e87ebdf9c654o0&ajaxhist=0

http://www.perfectmemorials.com/info/history-american-funeral-customs.php

http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e2060.html

https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=preacher+at+funeral&view=detailv2&&id=7E210280B4DC785158783D746304A0906661C9D2&selectedIndex=3&ccid=%2bpfTu2ly&simid=608009121933690998&thid=OIP.Mfa97d3bb6972efa2c87af2b095729019o0&ajaxhist=0

http://www.askmamaz.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/what-to-wear-for-a-funeral-1.jpg

http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/525639

https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=burial+rites+japan&view=detailv2&id=E96CAAB43985A29F19E4BA02C2332D981A3A0B3D&selectedindex=9&ccid=AZu%2FcxM%2F&simid=608028530886577955&thid=OIP.M019bbf73133f5654797bbfbdf8900e5ao0&mode=overlay&first=1

https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=burial+rites+japan&view=detailv2&id=E70B8844BB563A33FBB2FA0FF03BC620D93641F4&selectedindex=4&ccid=dQiJ2EzN&simid=608037850958856544&thid=OIP.M750889d84ccda14f80d31d17123ffbb2o0&mode=overlay&first=1

https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=burial+rites+japan&view=detailv2&id=EDF58836583081500E9D40EF05C48097090D60F5&selectedindex=7&ccid=R1%2BiOscX&simid=608022084139355519&thid=OIP.M475fa23ac717cb189988d4d8d853ec70o0&mode=overlay&first=1

https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=green+tea%5c&view=detailv2&&id=13BC38F6E4B6D43486AF01F13AA17EFB1D021BDA&selectedIndex=2&ccid=fYVgzgPs&simid=608012158473274360&thid=OIP.M7d8560ce03ec4664a840a693e379d8eco0&ajaxhist=0

http://www.fsnfuneralhomes.com/articles/japanese-american-funeral-customs/

https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=the+urn+japanese+funeral&view=detailv2&&id=B80506361F14CB81CE555B888650E10B5BE09D94&selectedIndex=2&ccid=nrj2Z4Ux&simid=608002353060839634&thid=OIP.M9eb8f66785318fda842101155b951650o0&ajaxhist=0


beliefnet.com/Wellness/Health/Health-Support/Grief-and-Loss/2001/05/Transition-Rituals.aspx

http://www.japanvisitor.com/japanese-culture/japanese-funerals

https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=chinese+funeral+customs&view=detailv2&&id=1E33089FB4037E51F80B6ADBD30BE186F49BB396&selectedIndex=0&ccid=wzpSJ0Tu&simid=608043984180874717&thid=OIP.Mc33a522744ee85f39809cc05f2398075o0&ajaxhist=0

https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=chinese+funera%3b&view=detailv2&&id=27C3E0C06A36DE822E36AB29B7D8B6517549ECF2&selectedIndex=2&ccid=sNXmYrCz&simid=608006974448271654&thid=OIP.Mb0d5e662b0b37e89df0023c5e47c05a5o0&ajaxhist=0

https://www.bing.com/images/search?

q=chinese+funeral&view=detailv2&&id=0110C508127D54A0041F08629967F700721ABE8B&selectedIndex=11&ccid=rc17phGi&simid=608027139315994313&thid=OIP.Madcd7ba611a234f4f592eb614a11a3bbo0&ajaxhist=0

https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=japanese+funeral&view=detailv2&&id=223B15B5FF0057D3463635A167D1EE03C9F36F77&selectedIndex=49&ccid=pd6YTQ5%2f&simid=608039049263515619&thid=OIP.Ma5de984d0e7f6c766b6876d69392c1d4o0&ajaxhist=0


https://www.bing.com/images/search?q=popular+chinese+food+at+funeral&view=detailv2&&id=FA0B0486A5F9FAB13D9993F2FF10FAA3D37CD167&selectedIndex=0&ccid=VTAb2IJj&simid=608046810265160053&thid=OIP.M55301bd882635d345bd070a2e884f87bo0&ajaxhist=0