Identity Poster

By:Eric Dionicia,Sydeny

James Marcia's Identity Theory:

Definitions of James Marcia's theory for identity- An individual's combination of behaviors, preference,thoughts,talents,and beliefs.


The founder of the theory that I had the pleasure of reading was James Marcia's. In his theory he believes that there are 3-4 stages of identity. The earliest identity is diffusion, which is were you have no idea what you are or what you want. The second possible stage is called Foreclosure. This is were you have a basic stander of what you wont but have not looked into other oppositions. The third stage is called Moratorium. This stage is the opposite of the foreclosure stage they have made commitments but continuously explore new options. The fourth and final stage is called Identity Achievement. This group has made commitments and explorer all possible chances of success and have found one that they are happy with.

Symbolic interactionism

Symbolic interactionism traced to two roots; pragmatism and psychological behaviorism. Pragmatism is the idea that interaction occurs between "actors" and the social worlds. Erving Goffmen study pragmatism and viewed the main idea of symbolic interactionism as impression management. He also defined dramaturgy- view of social life as a series of performances. His other ideas included discredited and discreditable stigmas. The other root of symbolic interactionism, psychological behaviorism is the gaining of experiences through interaction between people and the social world. George Herbert Mead believed that socializing leads to the development of mental states and "self" is developed through social interactions. The three principles of symbolic interactionism are:

1. Human beings posses the capacity for thought.

2. People learn meanings symbols through socializing.

3. People modify meanings/symbols by interpenetrating the situation they are engaged in.

The field of symbolic interactionism,has expanded and become more divers since its introduction.

The Looking Glass Self: How Your Self-Image is Shaped by Society

Charles Horton Cooley's Theory is that your friends and family shape your identity. When you're a child, your parents tell you that you are smart, pretty, and loving, and that you're going to grow up looking in the mirror knowing these things. It also states that who you are around shapes your identity. If you are around people who like to drink, then you're going to grow up liking to drink. These influences are forming your identity off of someone else's identity. Cooley states that in order to build a strong identity, "Imagine your mind and especially what your mind thinks about my mind, and what your mind thinks about what my mind thinks about your mind." This quote means what you think about, what you look at, and what you say shapes your identity.