Czech Republic

By: Carson Stilwill


The Czech Republic was originally part of Czechoslovakia along with Slovenia. In 1993, Czechoslovakia was divided and two different countries were formed, Slovakia and the Czech Republic. The Czech Republic has gone through some hard times under communism by the Soviets, but they pulled out fine and they are a prospering country now. Some of the things a reader could hope to learn about the Czech Republic are its geography, culture, history, economics, innovation, government, and citizenship.

Features Of The Czech Republic


The capital city of the Czech Republic is Prague, with a shocking population of 1,165,581. A few of the major cities are Bmo, Ostrava, Pilsen, and Olomove. The Czech Republic is a hilly plateau surrounded by mountains, including the Carpathians, which makes the Czech Republic have somewhat of a harsh terrain. Some of the major mountain ranges are the Carpathians, the Ores, the Sudetics and the Sumarvas.

Major rivers include the Vltava which is the Czech Republic's longest river with a length of 430 kilometers, the Elbe (or Labe) River with a length of 370 kilometers, the Morava River with a length of 284 kilometers, and the Ohre with a length of 256 kilometers.

The climate generally depends on how high you are above sea level. The higher you are, average temperatures may drop more and rainfall is more likely. The weather generally stays the same throughout the year. Temperatures vary greatly over the course of the seasons. The average high is 20-23 degrees Celsius, and the average low is 10-11 degrees Celsius in the summer. In the winter, the high is 7 degrees Celsius and the low is 5-2 degrees Celsius.

Government and Foreign Policy

The type of government in the Czech Republic is a Parliamentary Democracy. A parliamentary democracy is a type of government where the group with the most representation in the legislature forms the government. The leader of that group then becomes the prime minister. The lawmaking body in the Czech Republic is the Parliament. The Parliament has two chambers, the House of Parliament and the Senate. The Czech Republic is a limited government because the leader cannot do whatever he or she wants and his or her power is limited. The Czech Republic has two rulers, the President and the Prime Minister. The President is Milos Zeman and the Prime Minister is Bohuslav Sobotka.

The Czech Republic is entering into the Michalak case. Two children were taken away from their mother and taken to the Child Welfare Service of Norway. The mother was Eva Michalakova.

The citizen rights of the people of the Czech Republic are that they can vote when they are 18, they may not be sentenced to deportation, and they cannot be refused access to the country. The Czech Republic must provide citizens with diplomatic protection, so the rights that they have are similar to the rights of those that live in the United States.

The Czech Republic is a proud member of the United Nations and it gives aid to and receives aid from many foreign countries.


The currency that the Czech Republic uses is called the Czech koruna. The conversion rate to U.S. dollars is that 1 Czech koruna = 41/1000 of a dollar.

Some imports and exports from the Czech Republic are raw materials, oil, gas, semi-manufactured and semi-finished products, consumer goods and capital goods.

The GDP per capita in the Czech Republic is about $27,000.

I do not believe that my country is rich compared to the United States because the GDP of the U.S. is $16.77 trillion dollars and the Czech Republics is only 208.8 billion dollars.

Social and Ethnic Groups

There is more than one ethnic group in the Czech Republic. The percentages break down as Czech 90.4%, Moravian 3.7%, Slovak 1.9%, and other 4%. There have been no conflicts between the groups.

The educational system in the Czech Republic is very good. The constitution of the Czech Republic states that all have the right to education at primary, secondary, and university level. Because of the high priority given to education, very few people cannot read or write. The literacy rate among both men and women averages to about 99% of the population.

Women and children have the same rights as they do in the United States, which means that all women and children have the same rights as men under the law. Also, the freedoms in the Czech Republic are equal among men and women, just like in the United States and many other countries.

Religion, Language, Country Flag

There are only a few languages in the Czech Republic. The percentages break down as Czech 94.9%, Unidentified 3.1%, and Slovak 2%. There are also only a couple of religions. Most Czechs are Roman Catholic at 26.8%, A few are Protestant at 2.1%. The rest of the population, 71.1%, are either unidentified or unaffiliated with any religion.

The Czech Republic's flag was borrowed from the bohemian's coat of arms. The white color represents the peaceful and honest nature of the Czech people. The red symbolizes valor, courage and noble patriotic spirit. The blue represents the values of vigilance, truth, loyalty and perseverance. The flag was adopted from Czechoslovakia on March 30th, 1920 when the country was split.

Traditional Holidays, Festivals, Clothing and Food

Some of the holidays are the Czech New Year's Day, Good Friday, Easter and All Souls' Day, New Year's Day is celebrating the formation of the Czech Republic. Good Friday is remembering the death of Jesus. Easter is celebrating the resurrection of Jesus and of his ascension to heaven. All Souls' Day is when the Czech's visit cemeteries to pay respects to their loved ones.

Each ethnic group has a different type of apparel which is traditionally a dress for women that carries ethnic patterns.

Some of the traditional food that the Czech's make is not very healthy but it will always be eaten in the Czech Republic. Some of the traditional foods are potato soup, garlic soup, chicken noodle soup, beef soup with liver dumplings, sauerkraut soup, and goulash soup.

Recipe for Roast Duck


One small granny smith apple, cored and quartered

One 6.6 lb. duck

One bunch of flat-leaf parsley

One small onion, peeled and quartered

Three garlic cloves, crushed

Fine sea salt to rub outside and inside the cavity

Whole caraway seeds

One coffee mug full of water

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I conclude that the Czech's yearly income is not very high but it is enough to be able to support a family or just yourself. I can also conclude that the higher populated cities may have a higher elevation above sea level because as I said before, the higher you are above sea level, the better the weather is.
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