African Lion

Panthera leo

Classification

Domain-Eukarya: Cells can be single celled or multicellular and always have a nucleus.

Kingdom-Animalia: all animals are in this kingdom. This Kingdom does not contain prokaryotes. All members of Animalia are multicellular.

Phylum-Chordata: Animals in this phylum have bilateral symmetry. segmented body, including segmented muscles. Also three germ layers and a well-developed coelon.

Subphylum Vertebrata: Animals in this can produce hair, scales, feathers, glands, horn, etc. also have limb girdles, and 2 pairs of appendages.

Class Mammalia: The Class Mammalia includes about 5000 species placed in 26 orders.

All mammals share at least three characteristics not found in other animals.

Mammalia contains a vast diversity of forms.

Order Carnivora: The name "Carnivora" is sometimes taken to mean that members of this group are all carnivorous. Most members of the order Carnivora can be recognized by their enlarged fourth upper premolar.We recognize 13 extant families and around 270 species of Carnivora.

Family Felidae: All felids bear a strong resemblance to one another. Unlike members of the family Canidae, felids have a short rostrum and tooth row, which increases bite force. Felids have well developed carnassials.

Genus Panthera: This genus has roaring cats.

Species: Panthera leo

GENERAL DESCRIPTION

Height A usual lion male is 1.2 m high and a usual female is 1.1 m high.

Length A lion can be 2.4 to 3.3 m long and the tail can be 0.6 to 1.0 m long.

Weight Male lions weigh about 189 kg and Female lions weigh about 126 kg.

Color Male lions are the only cats with manes. Lions are large cats with short, tawny coats, white underparts, and long tails with a black tuft at the end.

Range lions live in most of sub-Saharan Africa except in desert and rainforest habitats.

Hunting lions hunt gazelles, zebras, impalas, and wildebeests. Lions that are not able to capture large prey will eat birds, rodents, fish, ostrich eggs, amphibians and reptiles.

Predators Adult lions have no natural predators, excepting persecution by humans. Lions often kill and/or compete with other predators.

PHYSICAL ADAPTATIONS

lions have lots of physical adaptations, here is a few. lions has canine teeth that are 3 inches long to help it hunt. along with claws that are 3 inches long to help it hunt too. also they have tawny coats and white underparts to camouflage to help it survive. also male lions are conspicuously large and showy because they have the opportunity to control the reproduction of many females.

BEHAVIORAL ADAPTATIONS

lions have lots of behavioral adaptations, here is a few. lions stalk their prey so they don't wast too much energy. lions frequently bring down prey much bigger than they are themselves so that they can have more to eat for everybody in the group. lions usually hunt in groups because there are more powerful and more likely to kill the prey. Resident male lions regularly mark their territory by spraying vegetation with urine and by scuff-marking to atrack males. Lions have the cognitive ability to recognize individuals and to interact with other lions to benefit their own survival.