What is Global Health?
Global Health Goal
Global Health vs. Public health
- Global health - Health issues that transcend national boundaries
- Public Health - Focus on specific communities and countries
- Global Health - Global
- Public Health - National
- Global Health - Prevention and clinical care
- Public Health - Prevention
- Global Health - Health equity among nations
- Public Health - Health equity within a nation or community
- Global Health - Highly interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary
- Public Health - Multidisciplinary, particularly with health and social sciences
Why Is Global Health Important?
Facts and Figures
- 7 million children die each year
- Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death
- HIV/AIDS is the leading cause of adult deaths in Africa
- Population aging = increase in CVD and cancer
- Tobacco use equals 70% of lung cancer
- Complication in pregnancy = 15% of deaths in women of reproductive age
- Mental disorders are amongst the leading causes of disability
- Hearing loss, vision problems, and mental disorders are the most common cause of disability
- 3,500 people die from road traffic accidents everyday
- Undernutrition is the cause of 1/3 of deaths in children under the age of five
Impact of Global Health Workers
Global Health Current Objectives
- Reduce the number of cases of malaria reported in the United States.
- Reduce the tuberculosis (TB) case rate for foreign-born persons living in the United States.
- Increase the number of Global Disease Detection (GDD) Regional Centers worldwide and to detect and contain emerging health threats.
- Increase the number of public health professionals trained by Global Disease Detection programs worldwide.
- Increase diagnostic testing in host countries and regionally through the Global Disease Detection Regional Centers.
What Has Global Health Already Accomplished?
- Globally, the number of deaths of children under 5 years of age fell from 12.6 million in 1990 to 6.6 million in 2012.
- In developing countries, the percentage of underweight children under 5 years old dropped from 25% in 1990 to 15% in 2012.
- While the proportion of births attended by a skilled health workers has increased globally, fewer than 50% of births are attended in the African Region.
- Globally, new HIV infections declined by 33% between 2001 and 2012.
- Existing cases of tuberculosis are declining, along with deaths among HIV-negative tuberculosis cases.
- In 2012, the world met the United Nations Millennium Development Goals target on access to safe drinking water, as measured by the proxy indicator of access to improve drinking water sources, but more needs to be done to achieve the sanitation target.
Global Health in Guatemala
This clinic supplies the necessary medical treatments that many desperately need. Hope has been restored in the Guatemalan people due to the fact that there is medicine now available to them. The physicians, doctors and nurses here also teach the people about nutrition and hygiene along with the connection it has to being healthy. This clinic forces on improving the overall well being of all who pass through it.