Court Cases

The cases that rocked our nation.

The Red Scare

The fear of communism in the U.S. is on the rise and the Red Scare is upon us. This influx of fear has led our nation do take many safety precautions, one of these being the Palmer Raids. The raids happened Nov. 1919- Jan. 1920 and were aimed to arrest and deport any leftist foreigners from the United States. Over 500 people we successfully deported as a result of the raids.

Sacco & Vanzetti

Nicola Sacco and Bartalomeo Vanzetti were two Italian men arrested and convicted of 1st degree murder after killing a guard and a papermaster during an armed robbery. They made several appeals but they were all denied. They were both sentenced to death by electric chair.

Schenck v. United States

This supreme court case concerned the enforcement of the Espionage Act of 1917. It dealt with the distribution of leaflets to men facing the draft in WWI. It urged them to resist the war and oppose the draft. Ultimately it was decided that this was to be enforced and it did not alter the first amendment.