Ageing Theories

By Leah Clark

The Activity Theory

The activity theory is about elderly people remaining active whilst they are in their older adulthood life stage.


The benefits of this theory are:

- They are more happy

- They are more sociable

- They remain physically interactive longer

- They are engaged in doing activities

- They are independent


The theorist for the activity theory is Robert Havighurst which developed this theory in the 1960's.

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The Disengagement Theory

This theory is about the elderly people becoming less and less active and sociable.


This can lead to elderly people becoming depressed, lonely and this could lead to elderly losing their communications skills.


With this theory, you need to encourage and inspire elderly people to become more active (which then leads to these people being involved in the activity theory).


This theory was developed by Cummings and Henry in the late 1950's.

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