Australia

By Beatrice and Ella

Classifacation

Australia is a Country. A country is an expanse of land, a nation with its own government. Australia is part of the continent known as Australasia. It has 6 states and 2 territories. They are New South Wales, ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, Western Australia, the Northern Territory and Queensland.

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Location

Australia is located on the planet Earth. It can be found in the Southern Hemisphere, just south of the Equator, in the continent Australasia.

Australia’s neighbouring countries include New Zealand, Papua New Guinea and Indonesia. The waters that surround Australia are the Arafura and Timor Seas to the north and the Indian Ocean to the west. To the east of Australia are the Pacific Ocean and the Coral Sea. To the south of Australia are the Southern Ocean and the Great Australian Bight.

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Population

Australia population is estimated to be 24, 151,300. Approximately 12,000,000 are males and 12,000,000 are female. The largest city Sydney, New South Wales the population is 4,627,345.

Australians come from over 200 birthplaces. The majority of the population are Australian born with 2% is from Indigenous backgrounds .43% have at least one parent who has born overseas. 30% of the population were born in another country. The major countries of birth are England, New Zealand and China.

Collectively, Australians speak over 200 languages. Other than English most common are Chinese, Italian, Greek and Arabic. There are over 50 Indigenous languages also spoken.

The major religion in Australia is Christianity. The other major religions include Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism and Judaism .7, 361 Australians practise Aboriginal traditional religions. 22% people don’t have any religion.

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Climate



In Australia there are 4 seasons. In summer the months are December all the way to February, in autumn the months are March all the way to May, in winter the months are June all the way to August and in spring the months are September all the way to November. The wet and dry seasons are in the North.

Rainy times are occasionally in most places. The sunny times are mostly all the time. Snowy times are only on the mountains. The highest temperature is 40 degrees Celsius. The hottest temperatures are in the North West. The lowest temperature is minus 5 degrees Celsius. The coldest temperatures are in the snowy mountains.


Environment

Australia is the sixth largest country. Covering around 12 million square kilometres. Its ocean territory is the world's third largest spanning three oceans. Variety of different environments including large rainforests in wet places, bushland in the outback, desert in the outback, reef in the sea, coastal near the water , beaches at coastal area and mountains areas.

Fauna

There are more than 80 per cent of our plants, mammals, reptiles and frogs are unique to Australia. Marsupials like koalas, kangaroos and many others can be found nowhere else in the world. Australia’s two egg laying mammals is the platypus and the echidnas are the only monotremes in world. Other unique animal like emus, dingos, frilled neck lizards and bilby’s also live in Australia.

Flora

91 percent of Australia is covered by native vegetation. Many of Australia's desert landscapes are covered by native plants. Staggering 24,000 species of native plants are in Australia. The Acacia have 954 species including the wattle. The Eucalypt have 700 species like gum trees. The Grevillea example the Banksia. The Melaleuca example the Paperbark.

Sinificant sites

Australia has many well-known sites such as the Great Barrier Reef, Uluru, Sydney Opera house, Sydney Harbour Bridge, the 12 apostles, Kakadu and the Daintree rainforest. Australia has many significant sites like the Great Barrier Reef is 2,300km-long it is the greatest coral reef in Australia. Uluru is about 700 million years old and is the largest monolith in Australia. The Daintree Rainforest is in north east coast of Queensland, Australia Cairns.

Interesting facts

Australia has many interesting facts like it is the 6th largest country in the world, occupying an entire continent of some 7.6 million square kilometres, it has the world's 3 largest ocean territory, spanning three oceans and covering around 12 million square kilometres and most of Australia's special flora and fauna cannot be found anywhere else in the world for example the wattle, (Banksia) and the Eucalyptus [ gum trees] are flora and kangaroos, koalas, Echidnas, western blue tongue lizards are fauna.