NNIA

By:Victoria downs

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Universal Negro Improvement Association




United States,organization founded by Marcus Garvey, dedicated to racial pride, economic self-sufficiency, and the formation of an independent black nation in Africa. Though Garvey had founded the UNIA in Jamaica in 1914.

He created the red, black, and green flag to symbolize black unity.
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Its main influence was felt in the principal urban black neighborhoods of the U.S. North after his arrival in Harlem, in New York City, in 1916.Garvey had a strong appeal to poor blacks in urban ghettos, but most black leaders in the U.S. criticized him as an impostor, particularly after he announced, in New York, the founding of the Empire of Africa, with himself as provisional president.
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After surveying the racial situation in America, Garvey was convinced that integration would never happen and that only economic, political, and cultural success on the part of African Americans would bring about equality and respect. With this goal he established the headquarters of the UNIA in New York in 1917 and began to spread a message of black nationalism and the eventual return to Africa of all people of African descent.
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Although the UNIA did not complete its projects, it became a model for nationalist organizations and independence movements throughout the Black World. Marcus Garvey is a permanent symbol of the African right to self-determination. Many black leaders and activists, including Kwame Nkrumah and Malcolm X, have attested to Garvey's influence upon their political thought and organization.

the UNIA is still going on today because some blacks are still not free