Black Power

By: Learic Beatty

Background

  • African Americans wanted to have equal rights
  • Part of the Civil Rights movement
  • Involved African American activist in the late 1960s
  • James Meredith made the slogan "black power" in Mississippi
  • Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
  • National conference of African Americans explore black power held in Newark, N.J. July 1967
  • Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) also adopted black power
  • Had many different meanings for black power
  • Black Panthers were a black- liberation political party
  • Black Panther Party of Self-Defense (BPP) was founded in Oakland, California in 1966 by Huey P. Newton and Bobby G. Seale

The Black Power Movement

  • Many people protested with out violence
  • BPP political organization espoused armed resistance defense of blacks in the neighborhood to defend them from police harassment
  • Many people made speeches to the public
  • Joined forces with the white radical Peace and Freedom party
  • BPP elected Oakland's first black mayor in the city
  • Growing militancy in African American community signaled outbreak violence in urban black neighborhoods in the mid-1960s
  • Race riots in Los Angeles, California, Newark, New Jersey, Detroit, Michigan
  • Blacks attempted harness widespread frustration by establishing black nationalist organizations Black Panther party
  • Black Panthers local group drew large national attention resulting violent Newton's 1967 imprisonment for manslaughter resulting violent confrontation with Oakland police
  • Malcolm X broke ranks with the Nation of Islam later advocated racial harmony brought threats his former colleagues
  • The next year Malcolm X was assassinated by members of the Nation of Islam

The Aftermath

  • Movement declined in the 1970s after many black nationalists were arrested or killed in confrontations with the police
  • The term black power continued to signify pride and cohesiveness within black urban communities
  • Brought many black people together for a common goal which brought national support for their protest for equal rights
  • Made the Congress see that their was an equality difference that was being recognized

Their Beliefs

  • Many black people believed that they should have equal rights and every man is equal
  • Some groups wanted to influence a nonviolent protest
  • They were tried of racial discrimination between whites and black and designated areas between the two
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The Black Power Movement