World War I - Weapons of War

Emily, Nicole, and Kortney


Aircrafts were used for observing the enemy armies from above, shooting and bombing other troops, and air-to-air combat. The planes were armed with machine guns to shoot men down below. They were also stored with bombs.
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Poisonous Gas

The gas caused nausea and blindness, it also destroyed the respiratory system. Poisonous gas was used in the morning because it was more effective at that time of day. Gases could stay closer to the ground for longer intervals because the air was colder and there was less wind.
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Machine Guns

The firepower of machine guns was equivalent to the use of 60-100 rifles. The crew of machine gun fighting usually consisted of 4 members. The guns would sit on a flat tripod because of their weight and size. In theory the guns would fire 400-600 small caliber rounds per minute. By the end of the war that figure had almost doubled.
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Mortars were very effective in trench warfare techniques. The portable artillery was used for close-range attacks. A mortar is a short tube designed to fire a projectile. It is angled so that the projectile will land straight upon the target. It could be fired from the trench, making it safer for the side using it.
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Tanks were designed so that they could cross difficult land easier. Tanks were armored vehicles used to support infantry attacks. Tanks were thought to be highly unreliable. They aided in ending the horrors of trench warfare as well as bringing back mobility to the Western Front.
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In April,1917, the Allied Powers reached its highest monthly total for ships lost to German submarines. To slow down the destruction of their ships the idea of moving in convoys or large numbers was started. By continuing to do this over the next few months the amount of ships lost to German submarines was decreased by 50%.
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U- Boats

In order to break the blockade, the Germans used a submarine known as a U-boat. They made significant impact. The boat's mission was to sink unarmed merchant ships unexpectedly. By doing so, tons of food and supplies were destroyed. When the war began, the German army contained 29 U-boats and ended with approximately 360. 178 of them were destroyed during war.
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Work Cited

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"Tanks and World War One." History Learning Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Apr. 2013. <>.

"U-Boats and the Lusitania." U-Boats and the Lusitania. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Apr. 2013. <>.

"WW1 Submarines." WW1 Facts. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Apr. 2013. <>.