The Nile

All the Information you need about the Nile

Calendar/Farming




  • Wheat and Barley are sown by scattering the seeds on the ground, then are trampled by goats.
  • Only the land by the Nile River can be used for farming, because Egypt is mostly desert.
  • Ancient Egyptians kept careful records, or lists, of their crops and cattle for tax purposes. Everyone had to pay taxes for their animals, farmers where even taxed on the number of eggs their chickens produced!


transportation and trade

*Nile was their highway

some boats were made of papyrus, also had wooden barges and special boats for funerals.

*Sailboats- used sails going south, rowed with current going north

*Bartered unstead of using money- Goods were valued by the equivalent of their weight in copper- called the deben.

*Eqypt offered gold, papyrus, linen, hight- quality stone(for building) and cattle.

*Traded for wild animal skins and ivory tusks, ebony, ostrich feathers, frankincense and slaves from african kingdoms.

*Traded with middle eastern kingdoms for silver, cedar, oils, horses, copper, and lapis lazuli.

*Egypt was weathilest country of the anchient world.

Daily life

*Homes made of mud bricks and mortar

*Papyrus plant used for baskets, sandals, rope, and writing material

*Fish was most common protein source

*Upper class hunted birds in papyrus marshes

*Groups of men hunted hippos for sport and meat

*weathly families built garden pools and stocked with lotuses and fish. Fresh water was added reqularly.

*Nile provided water for drinking, bathing, cooking, etc.

Physical Features

*The Nile is the worlds largest river- 4,135 miles

*The Nile flows from the South to the North

*The blue Nile and the White Nile come together in the Sudan to foarm the Nile in Egypt

*Two of the six cataracts alongthe Nile were in ancient Egypt

* The elevation of the Nile is higher in the South and lower in the North- so Upper Egypt is in the South and the Lower Egypt is in the North