By Erin Curry
The doctor would pull back the unconscious patients eyelids and pushed the ice pick-like metal object into the tear duct, and with that he would reach for the brain and make the incisions.
To get patients to become unconscious they would give them just enough electric shock to make them pass out but not too much so it would kill them.
Dr. Walter Jackson Freeman
Dr. Freeman was the man who invented psychosurgery in the late 1930s, and continued to perform them till arounf the late 1950, and performed thousands of different surgery's to many people all different ages.
How and who would undergo this surgery?
The pluses and minuses
Just like any other surgery even after the procedure, there still remains a risk of seizures, fatigue, and personality changes. Although there were some risks many people who were suffering from intractable schizophrenic, depressive or neurotic illnesses appeared to improve greatly, and because there was so few other treatment options many people often decided to have the surgery done.
'Case I A 35 year old married woman, who worked as a shop assistant, gave a 3-year history of endogenous depression, characterised by diurnal variation, early morning insomnia, loss of appetite and weight, loss of feeling and libido, ideas of unworthiness, and suicidal feelings. She also developed a fear of leaving home when severely depressed. She had two courses of ECT as an out-patient, but failed to maintain improvement and had to be admitted, when a third course of ECT was given, together with tricyclic antidepressants. After a brief improvement, she was tried on combined tricyclics and MAOIs, but had to be readmitted. She deteriorated, refused further ECT, and was discharged to attend the Day Hospital, where she failed to continue individual psychotherapy, and abreaction did not bring any change." From this case study you can see that the surgery didn't work for everyone, and sometimes had very sad results. From, Downloaded. A Cohort Study of Psychosurgery Cases from a Defined (n.d.): n. pag. Web.
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Hussain, E. S., H. Freeman, and R. A. Jones. "A Cohort Study of Psychosurgery Cases from a Defined Population." Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 08 Oct. 2015.