Renaissance Essential Knowledge

By: Chris Williams

How did the Crusades stimulate trade between Europe and Muslim Empire?

The Crusades stimulated trade by introducing Europeans to many desirable products. Trade promoted frequent contacts with the Byzantine and Muslims Empire.

What were the economic foundations of the Italian Renaissance?

There were new economic institutions developed

How did Northern Italian cities benefit from their geographic location?

Had access to trade routes connecting Europe with Middle Eastern markets and they served as trading centers for the distrubution of goods to northern Europe.

How did Italian city-states achieve importance and develop politically?

They were initially independent city states governed as republics

What were Machiavelli's ideas about power?

Supported absolute power of the ruler, Maintains that the end justifies the means,and advises that one should do good if possible but do evil when necessary.

How did the arts and literature of the Renaissance differ from those of the Middle Ages?

The Renaissance focused on individual and worldly matters along with Christianity,and the Middle Ages focused on the church and salvation.

Who were prominent Italian Renaissance artists and writers?

Artists: Leonardo Da Vinci (The Last Supper,Mona Lisa),