Canada

by: Kevin Phan

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Where Should I Live?

Where all are welcome with all sorts of fun games and activities, Canada is a great place to hang out with families and friends on vacations. Where should you stay during this wonderful vacation? Well, ask the locals why they live where they are today. Climate, trade, and natural resources are a few major contributing factors in deciding where one lives in Canada. In Northern Canada, the climate is not arable and the land is permafrost which is why a lot of people don't live there. The population as of estimate is 43,537 in 2013 which is not a lot at all compared to the whopping 30 million in the whole country! That's less than one fourth of the country. The majority of Canadian citizens live on the US - Canadian border where it is warmer. Many people also live in the areas of Ontario, Quebec, British Columbia, and Alberta. Together, the US - Canada border and those four areas account together for 86% of the total population of Canada. As I had mentioned, trade and climate are two factors contributing mostly to this. The US and Canada share the longest border in the world and are recognized as the largest trading partners globally. There are not any tariffs set on goods imported over between Canada and the US according to the Canadian -American Free Trade Agreement. The border is also set next to the Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, and the Great Lakes which are a gateway to trading. As you may have figured, most of this trade comes from the nearby surrounding natural resources of Canada which also help to create jobs. With this trade, millions of goods are traded annually, creating more jobs than ever for people that choose to live in the US - Canadian border. The South western coast of Canada has a mild temperature where the mean temperature is 17 degrees Celsius throughout the year. Some days, it may pass over 30 degrees Celsius with high rainfall. Where might you want to live? This is simply a retorakle question that most people would want to live in the US Canadian border.

Environmental Issues of Canada

Over the years, humans have lead to the pollution of Canada harming the environment and animals surrounding it. Acid rain and over extraction of timber are only a few of them that are occurring today. Lakes and waterways are struggling from the acid rain that comes from factories killing fish and animals along with them. If this keeps occurring, humans may be affected too because the water we drink from comes from lakes and streams like these ones. If there is too much pollution in the water, they may not be able to clean all of it causing us to drink in the dirty chemicals. Would you like to have that happen to you? I don't think so. In 1990, Canada released the Clean Air Act to reduce acid rain in northeastern North America. This act is still in action today, even though pollution is still happening.

Timber is a very important natural resource in Canada's environment,it is used to make lumber, plywood, and wood pulp for making many kinds of paper. But people have been over extracting timber, destroying habitats for animals, lessening air for humans, and destroying recreation sites. Canada's forests cover almost half the land. Cutting down these trees mean cutting down half of Canada. Imagine that, knowing Canada is the second largest place by land in the world. This can also cause deforestation, reduced water quality, erosion, and loss of wildlife. Hundreds of billions of seeds are planted each year whit a tree being cut down. The government of Canada is working to stop this problem by spend billions of dollars on these problems.

Extraction and over use of natural resources on the Canadian Shield has caused much harm to the area of Canada. The Canadian Shield is a large area of uplands surrounding Hudson Bay. This region covers most of the Eastern half of Canada. It is home to some of the most valuable resources-minerals. These mines contain gold, silver, copper, zinc, lead, iron ore, uranium, and nickel. Many people make their living in mining, but it is messy work and can harm the environment. Chemicals released from mining produce acid rain and kill nearby vegetation and lake animals.

Quebec Independence Movement

Quebec has been apart of Canada but suffer from the many differences they have. They speak a whole different language than the rest of the Canadian world, so they are afraid of losing their unique culture. They feel that if they stay with Canada, many English speaking Canadians will move over to Quebec and in no time, everyone will be speaking English instead of French. Quebec feels that if they move, they would have everything that they need to survive in the "real world". First of all, they are next to a body of water which makes trade easier, and they are surrounded by many natural resources like Canada. Second, if they move away, they get to keep their money they make instead of giving a portion of it to Canada. Even though all of this, many people believe that in a few years, Quebec will be in an economic struggle if they move away.