Progressive Movement Reform

Shye C. and Emilee T.

Social

FDA(food and drug administration)- was a safety act to monitor drugs and food so it won't kill you. Created because of the book The Jungle by Upton Sinclair.


19th Amendment (women rights)- 1919 was when it happened creating women's right to vote for federal laws.

Political

Commissions Government- Commission government is a form of municipal government that vests all legislative and executive authority in a small board of commissioners. http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3401800942.html

Trust busting-a term that referred to President Theodore Roosevelt's policy of prosecuting monopolies, or "trusts," that violated federal antitrust law http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3401804290.html

Religious

http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Social_Gospel.aspx Social Gospel- was a movement led by a group of liberal Protestant progressives in response to the social problems raised by the rapid industrialization, urbanization, and increasing immigration of the Gilded Age.


http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Jane_Addams.aspx

Jane Addams-Founder and driving force behind Hull-House, the pioneer American settlement house, Jane Addams is best known for her contribution to urban social service; however, she was also an important and influential educator who espoused Progressive educational ideas and practice. She helped others for her religious views.

Intellectual

http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/woman_suffrage.aspx

Women's suffrage- The woman suffrage movement in the United States is commonly traced back to a women’s rights meeting convened in Seneca Falls, New York, in 1848. This point of origin, although significant, overlooks the ways the idea of women’s suffrage extends and gains much of its force from the principles of equality, consent, and liberty that emanate from democratic forms of government, however imperfect these forms or political practices may be at a particular time. For the democratic ideal that requires the equal treatment, consent, and empowerment of more than a select few within a society offers a suggestive logic supportive of efforts to include others, if not ultimately all persons, in the democratic process of self-governance. However self-evident this inclusion logic may be to some, democratization is almost never self-executing or easy because most social relations in the world have been and remain ordered principally in nondemocratic ways.


http://sageamericanhistory.net/progressive/topics/progressive.html

Although officially saddened by McKinley’s death, Theodore Roosevelt could scarcely contain his glee at being elevated to the highest office in the land. Within days of being sworn in he waded into the business of his office with the firm conviction that many of America's problems could be solved only on the national level. Along with Progressive leaders such as Wisconsin Senator and later Governor Robert La Follette, Roosevelt pursued reformist goals with passion and vigor. Roosevelt promised the people a “Square Deal,” and set about to provide it. Roosevelt’s approach to the office of the President was a broad departure from past practice.

Technology

in Georgia, as elsewhere, Progressivism was a far more urban-based and middle-class movement than was the Farmers Alliance of the 1880s or the Populist Party in the 1890s, yet it drew heavily on those agrarian reform movements in its emphasis on regulating railroads, banks, and corporations; on battling government corruption; and on holding government accountable for answering to the needs of special-interest groups in need of regulatory protection. With the collapse of the Populist Party by the end of the 1890s, power returned to the Democratic Party in what would be a one-party system for more than half a century.

http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/articles/history-archaeology/progressive-era


Novel written by Upton Sinclair that highlighted numerous problems of the meat-packing industry and inspired the Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act. The Origins of Progressivism It should be emphasized that progressivism was not a unified movement in any way. There was never a unifying agenda or party; many "progressives" eagerly supported one or two progressive reforms without supporting any others. Thus, progressive reforms could be urban or rural, call for more government or less government, and on occasion could even be perceived as being pro-business.

http://www.education.com/study-help/article/progressive-era-18951914/

Economic

The Sixteenth Amendment-gave the federal government the power to lay and collect an income tax regardless of the source of that income. A graduated income tax has always been the number one goal of socialism. It is the means whereby government redistributes the produce of labor among the people. The practice is little different from the early socialist systems of the colonies of Jamestown and Plymouth. Back then, all of the products of the people’s labor were taken from them and placed in a common storehouse to be doled out by the colony’s leaders as they saw fit. We have become more sophisticated in the technique and less demanding in the portion, but the principle is still the same. The government decides the percentage of time each of us must expend laboring on behalf of others. Only when we have satisfied that demand are we then free to labor for our own benefit and the benefit of our families.

http://illinoisconservative.com/chap-29.html

The Eighteenth Amendment prohibited the import, export, transport, manufacture or sale of intoxicating beverages. Unlike the sixteenth and seventeenth amendments, prohibition did not stem from socialist dogma, but from the social gospel which was instrumental in the shaping of American socialism. The emergence of the social gospel as a religious movement is often referred to as the second great awakening and took place during the early 1800’s. Many believers believed that the second awakening was heralding in a new millennium age referred to in Rev. 20:6. Many of the reform movements during the nineteenth century were intended to build the “Kingdom of Heaven” on earth to prepare for the return of Christ at the end of the millennium just before the final judgment.

http://illinoisconservative.com/chap-29.html