by Michelle Gachelin
Did you know?
What is it?
Body systems affected
What it does to your body
Anxiety evokes the same fight or flight response that stress does, which means that anxiety will trigger a flood of stress hormones like cortisol, designed to enhance your speed, reflexes, heart rate, and circulation. (-Mercola.com) This is why we all have heightened senses when we have anxiety. Without anxiety, the brain works normally, with a normal heart rate, circulation, reflexes, etc.
Target population, gender, age, and ethnicity detailing
Anxiety disorder affects both men and women, although 33% of women experience this in their lifetime, compared to only 22% of men.
Anxiety disorders are the common mental illness in the US, affecting 40 million adults in the US every year age 18 or older.This disorder does occur worldwide and is not specific to a certain race.
How anxiety arises
Many people have debated whether anxiety comes from nature or nurture. Nature is your natural biology, how you were born - your genes. Nurture is the environment you grew up in - personal experiences and the atmosphere at home.
For example, if you grew up in an environment with frequent yelling or abuse, you might become wired for anxiety. It might make you susceptible to looking out for potential threats, even when they’re no longer there. (nurture) Or if your parents have anxiety, you probably have an increased likelihood of having anxiety because of your genetic code. (nature)
Most people have come to the conclusion that it is a combination of both nature and nurture that causes us to have an anxiety disorder, but no one is quite sure yet.
How anxiety is diagnosed
Signs and symptoms
- feelings of fear or uneasiness,
- problems sleeping,
- shortness of breath,
- heart palpitations,
- dry mouth,
- numbness or tingling in the hands, etc.
People with severe mental illnesses suffer more commonly from premature deaths, but even people with a very mild mental illness have shortened lifespans in comparison to the rest of the population. People with symptoms of anxiety had a 20% increased risk of death compared to normal people. So people with mental disorders such as anxiety have a shortened life by almost a decade.
I chose to research anxiety because I am often under stress and wanted to know if I had anxiety. It also interested me and I wanted to know more about this disorder.
No, I don’t know anyone with an anxiety disorder. My research did not mention anyone famous suffering from anxiety, but I looked it up and Scarlett Johansson, Johnny Depp and Emma Stone all have anxiety.
Peterson, Michael J., MD, PhD. "Generalized Anxiety Disorder Treatment and Symptoms." MedicineNet. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Mar. 2016