Element Assignment : Mercury

By: Aaliyah Clarke

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Basic Information:

Name: mercury

Symbol: Hg

Atomic Number: 80

Atomic Mass: 201(200.59)

Group # / Name: Group 12 / Metals

Period: Period 6

State at room temperature: Liquid

Colour: Silver/Grey

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Physical properties:

State of Matter: Liquid Common use: For thermometers

Colour: Silvery- grey

Odour: Odourless

Electrical/Heat Conductivity: Strong (good)

Density: High

Lustre: Shiny/Mirror-like reflection

Viscosity: Low ( Water-like consistency)

Chemical Properties

Toxicity: Very high

Reactivity with acids: Commonly has great reaction with hot acids rather than cold acids (No reaction)

Oxidization: Does not readily react with oxygen

Compounds: Are pigmented pesticides and medicines

Social applications

Though I could not locate any social applications here's what I think...

Economic Applications

  • Mercury used in thermometers, barometers, and manometers- creating business in health appliances
  • Used in the manufacturing of Chlorine and sodium hydroxide
  • Used in electrical gear- switches and rectifiers ( need reliability)

Environmental Effects

  • Can contaminate our fresh water ( Thus effecting us)
  • can cause nerve damage in organisms( converted to methyl mercury)-consumed by fish
  • accumulation of mercury in our ground- create larger amount of contaminated water
  • Damage our food chains- mercury passed on
  • Strong effect on wildlife and body ( Kidney, stomach)


Mezger, T. Mercury. Viscopedia. Retrieved from http://www.viscopedia.com/viscosity-tables/substances/mercury/

Working with Mercury. United States Department of Labour. Retrieved from http://www.msha.gov/Illness_Prevention/healthtopics/HHICM05.htm

Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility - Office of Science Education. The Element of Mercury. Jefferson Lab. Retrieved from http://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele080.html

Mercury Atom. Retrieved November 9, 2015 from http://www.pcs.k12.va.us/tms/periodictable/hg/hg.htm

Alchin, Linda (2015). Mercury Properties. Elemental Matter. Retrieved from http://www.elementalmatter.info/mercury-properties.htm

Mercury. Lenntech. Retrieved from http://www.lenntech.com/periodic/elements/hg.htm

Mercury being poured. Retrieved November 12, 2015 from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mercury_(element)