Child Labor in Myanmar

What horrible conditions do children face in Myanmar?

Myanmar

Myanmar (otherwise known as Burma) is a country located in southeastern Asia. It is bordered by China and India to the north and Thailand to the south. Their currency is the Burmese kyat, where 1 US dollar is equal to 1,026 kyats.

Earnings and Type of Work

For a child in Myanmar, a day's work usually adds up to around 3,500 kyats, which is equivalent to $3.70. The sort of jobs they are assigned are brutally physical, such as hauling stones or playing a role in the military. Many of these children cannot attend school, as they must provide for their families by participating in this sort of work.

Percentages

More than one third of Myanmar's children (ages 7 to 16) have jobs. Their unemployment rates are approximately around 37% and their population is 53.26 million (2013).

Military

Myanmar has one of the largest militaries in Asia, with over 20% of the military made up of children. The children are forced to murder, burn villages, and enslave villagers. Threats and other forms of intimidation are used to control the children. Escape attempted by these youths usually results in brutal beatings that could quite possibly result in their death.
Big image

Government Status

Currently, Myanmar is ruled by an oppressive military regime that controls its citizens with an iron fist. Myanmar has started gradually transitioning toward a democratic rule; as such, their government has started to commit to combating child labor. Unfortunately, this may be difficult due to poverty and their history of conflicts.

Major Corporations Involved

Large worldwide companies such as Adidas invest in Myanmar and are involved with the corrupt military regime in power in Myanmar. The regime uses and abuses the citizens alongside Adidas for cheap labor in the factories. People who speak against the regime or possess modern communication devices such as computers or telephones are swiftly punished. Some violators of these laws face sentences of up to 20 years in prison.

Bibliography

Works Cited

Alfred, Charlotte. "Myanmar's Child Workers Do Backbreaking Labor Instead Of Going To School." The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, n.d. Web. 22 Jan. 2015.

"Burma: World's Highest Number of Child Soldiers." Burma: World's Highest Number of Child Soldiers. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Jan. 2015.

"Child Labor Is Declining Worldwide, But It’s Thriving in These Six Countries." Foreign Policy. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2015.

"Film Exposes Burmese Child Labour." BBC News. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Jan. 2015.

"U.S. Companies Increase Use of Sweatshops in Burma." Www.globallabourrights.org. N.p., 22 Sept. 2000. Web. 23 Jan. 2015.

"Youth Interrupted: Myanmar's Underage, Illiterate Workers." NPR. NPR, 19 Sept. 2013. Web. 20 Jan. 2015.

"Burma: World's Highest Number of Child Soldiers." Burma: World's Highest Number of Child Soldiers. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Jan. 2015.

"Film Exposes Burmese Child Labour." BBC News. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Jan. 2015.

"Youth Interrupted: Myanmar's Underage, Illiterate Workers." NPR. NPR, 19 Sept. 2013. Web. 20 Jan. 2015.

"Burmanet » Eleven Media Group: Myanmar Unemployment Rate near 40 Percent, Study Finds." Burmanet » Eleven Media Group: Myanmar Unemployment Rate near 40 Percent, Study Finds. N.p., 24 Jan. 2013. Web. 22 Jan. 2015.