There pretty cool
i. It facilitate long distance travel and transport of bulky goods which are not easily transported through motor vehicles.
ii. It is a quick and more regular form of transport because it helps in the transportation of goods with speed and certainty.
iii. It helps in the industrialization process of a country by easy transportation of coal and raw-materials at a cheaper rate.
iv. It helps in the quick movement of goods from one place to another at the time of emergencies like famines and scarcity.
v. It encourages mobility of labour ad thereby provides a great scope for employment.
i. The railway requires a large investment of capital. The cost of construction, maintenance and overhead expenses are very high as compared to other modes of transport
ii. Another disadvantages of railway transport is its inflexibility. It routes and timings cannot be adjusted to individual requirements.