Female Reproductive System

By Allison & Samantha

Definition/Introduction :)

The female reproductive system carries out several functions, such as the production and transportation of gametes and the production of sex hormones. Some of the organs include the ovaries, fallopian tubes, vagina, uterus, vulva, mammary glands, and breasts. This system also facilitates the fertilization of ova (egg) by sperm as well as supports the development of offspring during pregnancy and infancy.

anatomy of the female reproductive system

ovary - where the ova or eggs are produced.

fallopian tubes - connects the egg from the ovary to the uterus.

uterus - offspring are conceived here.

clitoris - sensitive and erectile part of the female genitalia.

vagina - muscular tube leading from the external genitals to the cervix of the uterus.

cervix - the narrow necklike passage forming the lower end of uterus.

Functions of the female reproduction system

How Childbirth Works

  • Divided into three stages.

  1. Contractions begin that cause changes in the cervix, and ends when the cervix is fully dilated.
  2. The "pushing stage", begins when cervix is fully dilated and ends with the birth of the baby.
  3. Delivery of the placenta, which is the flattened circular organ in the uterus which nourishes the fetus through the umbilical cord before birth


Female Reproductive System

Homeostasis and the Female reproductive system

There are several ways homeostasis may be disrupted in the reproduction system, which include sexually transmitted diseases and cancers that begin in the organs of the reproductive system.

HPV - Genital warts are soft growths on the skin and mucus membranes of the genitals. They may be found on the penis, vulva, urethra, vagina, cervix, and around and in the anus.

Genital warts are a sexually transmitted infection (STI)

Ovarian Cancer - Ovarian cancer is cancer that starts in the ovaries.Ovarian cancer often goes undetected until it has spread within the pelvis and abdomen. At this late stage, ovarian cancer is difficult to treat and is often fatal.